Comparison of Simulation Methods for Annual Streamflow
Abstract: Based on the structure of two-parameter monthly water balance (TPMWB) model, two annual streamflow simulation methods, which were called as TPMWB-1 and TPMWB-2 respectively, were designed in this paper. For the TPMWB-1, observed monthly precipitation and potential evaportranspiration were taken as the inputs, monthly runoff was firstly simulated by using the TPMWB model, and the annual streamflow was subsequently calculated by the sum of the corresponding simulated monthly runoff. For the TPMWB-2, observed annual precipitation and potential evaportranspiration were taken as the inputs, and annual streamflow was then directly simulated. To provide a comparison with the simulation results of these two methods, the multiple linear regression (MLR) method was also used to estimate the annual streamflow. Finally, 52 sub-catchments in Dongjiang, Ganjiang and Hanjiang River Basins were chosen for comparison analysis of the runoff simulation results of 3 methods. The results show that all methods obtain good simulation results. From the successful application of TPMWB-2 methods it is concluded that the structure of TPMWB model is suitable and recommended to directly simulate the annual runoff in more humid and semi-humid regions.
文章引用: 李帅 , 熊立华 (2013) 年径流模拟方法比较研究。 水资源研究， 2， 114-120. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2013.22017
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