开采条件下黄土丘陵区地下水系统动态研究——以内官–香泉盆地为例
Dynamic of Groundwater System under Human Abstraction in the Loessial Hilly Area —A Case Study in the Neiguan-Xiangquan Basin

作者: 杨林山 * , 王帅兵 :兰州大学资源环境学院,兰州; 李常斌 , 李文艳 , 杨文瑾 :兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室旱区水资源与流域科学研究中心,兰州;

关键词: 开采动态地下水均衡黄土丘陵区Abstraction Dynamic Groundwater System Loess Hilly Area

摘要: 以甘肃省定西市内官–香泉盆地为研究区,根据2001~2010年该区地下水实际开发利用,地下水动态及资源评价基本理论方法,计算并分析了区内44口长观井所代表的地下水系统变化规律。结果表明,强烈的地下水开采改变了内官–香泉盆地地下水系统的天然源汇项构成,进而影响到地下水系统格局及动态。2001年以来,内官–香泉盆地地下水位呈现明显的开采型动态,并处于活跃下降阶段。

Abstract: In this study, we investigated the groundwater system dynamic influenced by the human abstrac-tion in a typical loessial hilly area named the Neiguan-Xiangquan Basin (NXB). Groundwater level meas-urements of the 44 wells in the region from 2001 to 2010 were used to quantify the change during the time period. A holistic method of groundwater assessment was adopted to quantitatively illustrate the groundwater dynamic. Quantifications suggested a strong impact of human abstraction on both recharge and discharge of the groundwater system. Patterns of groundwater were deeply influenced and varied broadly when compared between groundwater levels of the year 2001 and 2010, revealed that the groundwater system in the NXB had represented an obvious human abstraction-forced dynamic, with a very active and sensible drawdown across the whole area.

文章引用: 杨林山 , 李常斌 , 李文艳 , 杨文瑾 , 王帅兵 (2013) 开采条件下黄土丘陵区地下水系统动态研究——以内官–香泉盆地为例。 水资源研究, 2, 134-140. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2013.22020

参考文献

[1] LI, C. B., QI, J. G., FENG, Z. D., et al. Quantifying the effect of ecological restoration on soil erosion in China’s loess plateau region: An application of the MMF approach. Environmental Management, 2010, 45(3): 476-487.

[2] 马金珠, 李吉均, 高前兆. 气候变化与人类活动干扰下塔里木盆地南缘地下水的变化及其生态环境效应[J]. 干旱区地理, 2002, 25(1): 16-23. MA Jinzhu, LI Jijun and GAO Qianzhao. Groundwater evolution and its influence on eco-environment under climatic change and human activity in the south of Tarim Basin. Arid Land Geography, 2002, 25(1): 16-23. (in Chinese)

[3] XIA, J., YE, A. Z., WANG, L., et al. Water cycle mechanisms on the Loess Plateau, China: The Chabagou catchment case study. Methodology in Hydrology, 2007, 311: 10-17.

[4] LI, C. B., QI, J. G., et al. Parameters optimization based on the combination of localization and auto-calibration of SWAT model in a small watershed in Chinese Loess Plateau. Frontiers of Earth Science in China, 2010, 4(3): 296-310.

[5] 黄维东, 徐桂霞, 沙昨菊. 甘肃省定西市水源地地下水资源分析评价[J]. 地下水, 2010, 32(5): 25-27. HUANG Weidong, XU Guixia and SHA Zuoju. Analysis and evaluation of groundwater resources of the water source in Dingxi City of Gansu. Groundwater, 2010, 32(5): 25-27. (in Chinese)

[6] 高恩基. 安定区水资源利用现状分析[J]. 甘肃农业, 2005, 5: 51. GAO Enji. Analysis of the present situation of water resources in Anding district. Gansu Agriculture, 2005, 5: 51. (in Chinese)

[7] 温续余, 张潜. 引洮工程中的地表水地下水资源的联合调度与利用[J]. 水利水电科技, 2005, 36(5): 7-10. WEN Xuyu, ZHANG Qian. Combined regulation and utilization of local ground water and surface water from Taohe River Water Diverting Project. Science and Technology of Water Resources, 2005, 36(5): 7-10. (in Chinese)

[8] 郭富赟, 尹念文. 定西市地下水开采引起的环境地质问题及对策[J]. 甘肃科技, 2006, 22(5): 15-17. GUO Fuyun, YIN Nianwen. The groundwater environmental problems and countermeasures caused by extraction in Dingxi. Gansu Science and Technology, 2006, 22(5): 15-17. (in Chinese)

[9] 黄维东. 引洮供水工程对关川河径流的影响研究[J]. 甘肃水利水电, 2009, 45(6): 6-8. HUANG Weidong. Study on the impact of Yin Tao hydraulic engineering on runoff of Guanchan River. Gansu Hydraulic En-gineering and Hydropower, 2009, 45(6): 6-8. (in Chinese)

[10] 刘正峰. 水文地质手册[M]. 长春: 银声音像出版社, 2010. LIU Zhengfeng. Hydrogeology manual. Changchun: Yinsheng Media Press, 2010. (in Chinese)

[11] 范锡朋, 吴心铭, 谭增任, 等. 甘肃省中部祖厉河流域水文地质普查报告[R]. 兰州: 甘肃省水文地质二队, 1975. FAN Xipeng, WU Xinming, TAN Zengren, et al. The hydrological geological survey report of ZuLi river basin in central Gansu province. Lanzhou: The Second Hydrogeology Team of Gansu Province, 1975. (in Chinese)

[12] DENG, M. J. Ground reservoir: A new pattern of groundwater utilization in arid north-west China—A case study in Tailan river basin. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 2012, 13: 2210-2221.

分享
Top