变化环境下水文模拟的几个关键问题和挑战
Hydrological Modeling in a Changing Environment: Issues and Challenges

作者: 许崇育 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,武汉;挪威奥斯陆大学地学系,奥斯陆,挪威; 陈 华 , 郭生练 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室;

关键词: 环境变化水文模拟无资料流域非稳定性时空尺度耦合Environment Change Hydrological Modeling Ungauged Basins Non-Stationarity Spatial and Time Scales Coupling

摘要: 本文讨论了环境变化对水文循环和水文过程的影响,回顾了水文模型发展的历史,取得的成就和存在的问题。重点讨论了环境变化下水文模拟的几个主要问题:1) 水文过程和降雨-径流关系的非稳定性问题;2) 水文模型在无资料流()域的应用问题;3) 水文模型在变尺度(时间和空间)情况下存在的问题;4) 和水文模型与气候模型耦合的可能性问题。在讨论问题的同时提出作者独到的观点和想法。

Abstract:
This paper discusses the impact of environment change on hydrological cycle, hydrological proc- esses and hydrological modeling. The paper starts with a review of the history of the hydrological models’ development, the current state and the main challenges. Emphases are then paid to the following issues: the non-stationarity of hydrological processes and the rainfall-runoff relationship, the transferability of hydro- logical models (structure and parameters) across time periods, across spatial regions, across spatial and time scales, and coupling of hydrological models with climate models.

Abstract:

文章引用: 许崇育 , 陈 华 , 郭生练 (2013) 变化环境下水文模拟的几个关键问题和挑战。 水资源研究, 2, 85-95. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2013.22013

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