父母分离焦虑与成人初显期子女抑郁状况的关系
The Association between Parental Separation Anxiety and Off-Springs’ Depression in Emerging Adulthood

作者: 何 津 * , 陈祉妍 , 郭 菲 :中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室; 丁新华 :北京林业大学人文社会科学学院心理系;

关键词: 父母分离焦虑子女抑郁成人初显期调节作用Parental Separation Anxiety Depression Emerging Adulthood Modulation

摘要: 为了探索父母分离焦虑(包括恐惧远离与乐为基地两个维度)与成人初显期子女抑郁的关系及可能的调节变量,采用横断研究对169个家庭的父母及其子女进行研究。结果发现与子女共同居住的父母恐惧远离得分显著高于非共同居住的家庭,女生父母报告的乐为基地得分显著高于男生,非独生子女父母的乐为基地得分显著高于独生子女;子女抑郁状况与父母分离焦虑的关系受到子女性别、是否是独生子女家庭及父母与子女是否共同居住的调节作用。男生、独生子女及与父母共同居住的子女,其抑郁状况与母亲恐惧远离的关系更为紧密。研究发现,母亲的分离焦虑,尤其是恐惧远离,与初显期子女的抑郁状况有密切关系。

Abstract: In order to explore the relationship between parental separation anxiety (including two factors, anxiety about distance and comfort with security base role, short for F1 and F2) and the depression of emerg- ing adults, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 169 families for both parents and their offspring. The pa- rental F1 is higher when parents resided with their offspring. Girls’ parents reported higher F2 than boys’ parents. Parents from multiple-child families reported higher F1 than those from only-child families. Besides, the relationship between parental separation anxiety and offspring’s depression was moderated by variables: whether the offspring is male or female; whether the family has only one child or multiple children; whether parents reside with their offspring. In conclusion, maternal separation anxiety, especially F1 (anxiety about distance), had significant effect on the depression of their offspring.

文章引用: 何 津 , 陈祉妍 , 郭 菲 , 丁新华 (2013) 父母分离焦虑与成人初显期子女抑郁状况的关系。 心理学进展, 3, 84-89. doi: 10.12677/AP.2013.32013

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