缓冲气囊研究方法进展
Progress of Research Method on the Buffering Bags

作者: 黄 国 , 李玮洁 :北京交通大学工程力学研究所,北京;

关键词: 缓冲气囊研究方法综述 Buffering Airbag Research Method Review

摘要:

缓冲气囊具有重量轻、可折叠和成本低廉等优点,被广泛应用在交通工具乘员安全、货物空投、无人机回收及深空探测等领域。本文首先介绍了各类缓冲气囊并总结了缓冲气囊的研究方法,包括实验分析、物理模型分析以及有限元仿真。然后对比分析了有限元仿真中的CV法和ALE法,并指出了两种方法的优缺点。

The buffering airbag is lightweight, collapsible and low cost, which is widely used in the field of transport safety of the crew, cargo airdrop, UAV recovery and deep space exploration. Firstly this article presents the various kinds of buffering airbags and summarizes the research methods of the buffering airbags, which include laboratory analysis, physical model analysis and finite element simulation. Secondly the CV method and the ALE method are compared in this article, and the advantages and the disadvantages of the two methods are pointed out.

文章引用: 黄 国 , 李玮洁 (2013) 缓冲气囊研究方法进展。 力学研究, 2, 1-6. doi: 10.12677/IJM.2013.21001

参考文献

[1] D. E. Waye, J. K. Cole. Mars pathfinder airbag impact attenuation system. 13th AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference, Clearwater Beach, May 1995, AIAA-1995- 1552-CP: 109-119.

[2] C. S. Huxley-Reynard. An airbag landing system for beagle2 mars probe. Boston: 16th AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference and Seminar, May 2001, AIAA 2001-2046: 1-10.

[3] D. Northey, C. Morgan. Improved inflatable landing systems for low cost planetary landers. Acta Astronautics, 2006, 59(8-11): 726-733.

[4] 林华宝. 着落缓冲技术综述[J]. 航天返回与遥感, 1966, 17(3): 1-16.

[5] 马常亮. 缓冲气囊建模和试验仿真技术研究[D]. 南京航空航天大学, 2008.

[6] C. K. Lee. Methods for improved airbag performance for airdrop, Technical Report Na-tick/TR-93/002. Natick: US Army Natick Research Development and Engineering Center, 1992.

[7] 戈嗣诚, 陈斐. 缓冲特性可控的智能气囊装置实验研究[J]. 振动工程学报, 2004, 18(4): 377-381.

[8] L. S. Shook, R. B. Timmers and J. Hinkle. Second generation airbag landing system for the orin crew module. Seattle, Washington: 20th AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technology Conference and Seminar
, May 2009, AIAA 2009- 2989: 1-8.

[9] B. Tutt, S. Gill and A. Wilson. A summary of the development of a nominal land land-ing airbag impact attenuation system for the orion crew module. Seattle, Washington: 20th AIAA Aerodynamic Decelerator Systems Technol-ogy Conference and Seminar
, May 2009, AIAA 2009-2922: 1-18.

[10] R. P. Kozar, G. A. Carek and D. E. Beach. Risk reduction testing of the airbag landing system for the successful NASA mars pathfinder mission, and European missions to mars pathfinder mission, and for upcoming NASA and European missions to Mars. Liege: Pro-ceedings 4th International Symposium on Environmental Testing for Space Programmes, 12-14 June 2001, ESA SP-467: 61-67.

[11] 万志敏, 谢志民. 气囊缓冲飞行器模型着陆特性的试验研究[J]. 试验技术与试验, 2003, 43(1): 9-12.

[12] 万志敏, 陈立平. 飞行器模型着陆特性的试验研究[J]. 物理测试, 2002, 1: 16-19.

[13] J. B. Esgar, W. C. Morgan. Analytical study of soft landings on gas-filled bags, Tech-nical Report R-75. Cleveland: NASA, 1960.

[14] J. K. Cole, D. E. Waye. BAG: A code for predicting the performance of a gas bag im-pact attenuation system for the pathfinder lander. Livermore: Sandia National Laboratories, 1993: SAND93-2133.

[15] B. Raiszadeh, E. M. Queen. Mars exploration rover terminal descent mission modeling and simulation. Spaceflight Mechanics, 2005, 119: 2661-2676.

[16] 温金鹏, 李斌, 谭德伟等. 考虑织布弹性的软着陆气囊缓冲特性研究[J]. 振动与冲击, 2010, 29(2): 79-83.

[17] 戈嗣诚, 施允涛, 徐庆华. 无人机回收气囊的优化设计初探[J]. 振动测试与诊断, 2002, 22(1): 34-36.

[18] 戈嗣诚, 施允涛. 无人机回收气囊缓冲特性研究[J]. 南京航空航天大学学报, 1999, 31(4): 458-463.

[19] 张忠伟. 无人机回收气囊减震性能的计算分析[J]. 液压与气动, 2004, 2: 28-31.

[20] D. J. Nefske. A basic airbag model. Detroit: 2nd International Conference on Passive Restraints, 1972: SAE720426.

[21] J. T. Wang, D. J. Nef-ske. A new CAL3D airbag inflation model. Detroit: SAE International, 1988: SAE880654.

[22] 王晓冬, 张金换, 黄世霖. 气囊模拟计算技术综述[J]. 汽车技术, 2000, 9: 4-7.

[23] D. Cadogan, C. Sandy and M. Grahne. Development and evaluation of the mars pathfinder inflat-able airbag landing system. Acta Astronautica, 2002, 50(10): 633-640.

[24] A. P. Taylor, R. Benney and B. Bagdonovich. Investiga-tion of the application of airbag technology to provide a soft landing capability for military heavy airdrop. AIAA, 2001: 2001-2045.

[25] 洪煌杰, 王红岩, 郝贵祥. 空降车–气囊系统着地缓冲过程仿真分析[J]. 装甲兵工程学院学报, 2010, 24(4): 33-36.

[26] I. Yeh, R. Zhou, et al. Development and validation of an ale- based airbag simulation methodology. San Diego: 5th Joint Asme/ Jsme Fluids Engineering Summer Conference, 2007, 2: 1223- 1230.

[27] A. Chawla, S. Muk-herjee and A. Sharma. An algorithm for op- timized generation of a finite element mesh for folded airbags. International Journal of Crash-worthiness, 2007, 12(2): 197-209.

[28] P. O. Marklund, L. Nilsson. Simulation of airbag deployment using a coupled fluid-structure ap-proach. Michigan: 7th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, 2002, 10: 1-8.

[29] D. Fokin, N. Lokhande and L. Fredrikssen. On airbag simulation in LS-DYNA with the use of the arbitrary lagran-gian-eulerian method. Ulm: 4th European LS-DYNA Users Confer-ence, 2002, C-Ⅲ: 11-22.

[30] 邓文彬, 彭冰元, 马亮. 基于有限元方法的气囊展开模拟及对乘员安全性的影响[J]. 汽车技术, 2006, S1: 29-31.

[31] C. Ruff, T. Jost and A. Eichberger. Simulation of an air-bag deployment in out-of-position situations. Vehicle System Dynam-ics, 2007, 45(10): 953-967.

[32] A. Chawla, S. Mukherjee, J. Jangra and T. Nakatani. Issue in ALE simulation of airbags. International Journal of Crashworthiness, 2007, 12(5): 559-566.

分享
Top