绿色农业补贴法律制度之诠释—农业补贴生态化之法治思考
An Interpretation on the Legal System of Agricultural Green Subsidies—The Road to Ecological Agricultural Subsidies

作者: 王权典 :南京农业大学公共管理学院;

关键词: 绿色农业补贴生态化法律意义法治保障机制Green Agriculture Ecological Subsidies Legal Sense the Rule of Law Safeguards

摘要:
农业作为弱质产业,在世界各国均由政府采取补贴政策扶持其发展。在全球生态意识普遍觉醒的当今,农业发展须应对其可持续性和生态安全形势的挑战,发展绿色(生态)农业是必然选择。由此,需要调整传统的农业补贴政策,突出其生态保护功能。鉴于中国现阶段农业补贴基本上没同生态保护挂钩,改善农业补贴政策机制的路径在于创设农业补贴生态化即绿色农业补贴法律制度。借鉴发达国家农业生态补偿政策与法制实践,中国农业补贴生态化法治保障机制的构建,重在以农业环保为支点建立财政投入长效机制,并改善财政转移支付制度,构建环境资源成本核算体系和绿色GDP核算机制,健全生态补偿组织管理体系,通过项目支持提高补偿资金利用效率等

Abstract:
Being a weak industry, agriculture is subsidized around the world by many governments to support its development. With the general awakening of ecological consciousness, agricultural developments must react to the challenges from ecological security situation as well as its sustainability. Thus the development of green (ecological) agriculture is an inevitable choice. As a result, the traditional agricultural subsidy policies need adjustments in order to highlight its ecological protection function. Given the fact that China’s current agricultural subsidies policies are virtually not linked with ecological protection, the way to them is to adopt eco-agricultural subsidies, i.e., green agricultural subsidy mechanism. Learning from developed countries’ agro-ecological subsidy policy and legal practices, China’s agricultural subsidy policy shall focus on the long-term financial mechanisms based on the agricultural environment protection, improve the fiscal transfer payment system, establish the environmental resource cost-accounting system, and perfect the ecological compensation administration system as well as to lift the compensation capital efficiency through “project support”.Being a weak industry, agriculture is subsidized around the world by many governments to support its development. With the general awakening of ecological consciousness, agricultural developments must react to the challenges from ecological security situation as well as its sustainability. Thus the development of green (ecological) agriculture is an inevitable choice. As a result, the traditional agricultural subsidy policies need adjustments in order to highlight its ecological protection function. Given the fact that China’s current agricultural subsidies policies are virtually not linked with ecological protection, the way to them is to adopt eco-agricultural subsidies, i.e., green agricultural subsidy mechanism. Learning from developed countries’ agro-ecological subsidy policy and legal practices, China’s agricultural subsidy policy shall focus on the long-term financial mechanisms based on the agricultural environment protection, improve the fiscal transfer payment system, establish the environmental resource cost-accounting system, and perfect the ecological compensation administration system as well as to lift the compensation capital efficiency through “project support”.

文章引用: 王权典 (2013) 绿色农业补贴法律制度之诠释—农业补贴生态化之法治思考。 低碳经济, 2, 38-48. doi: 10.12677/JLCE.2013.21007

参考文献

[1] 中国10%耕地遭重金属污染, 年污染粮食可养活珠三角[N].南方日报, 2011-4-1.

[2] 党银侠, 杨改河. 中国绿色农业制约因素分析与发展对策[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报, 2009, 4(6): 26-30.

[3] 张梓太, 张乾红. 论中国农业发展机制的生态化——兼论农业与生态环境关系原理[URL], 2009. http://www.riel.whu.edu.cn/article.asp?id=30290

[4] 刘渝, 杜江. 国外循环农业发展模式及启示[J]. 环境保护, 2010, 74(8): 74-76.

[5] 从价格支持到环保补贴——欧盟农业生态补贴政策启示[N].农民日报, 2010-3-30. http://www.farmer.com.cn

[6] 徐琦. 为生态补偿立法难在哪里?——记者对话中国政法大学教授王灿发[J]. 中国环境报, 2008. http://www.hwcc.com.cn

[7] 王欧, 宋洪远. 建立农业生态补偿机制的探讨[J]. 农业经济问题, 2007, 27(7): 22-28.

[8] 李长健, 黄岳文等. 新农村建设中农业补贴制度的反思与重构——以利益机制为视角[J]. 四川行政学院学报, 2007, 9(2): 77-80.

[9] 赵霞, 吴芳卫. 上海建立农业生态补偿机制的探讨[J]. 上海农村经济, 2008, 27(7): 25-27.

[10] 何要武. 中国农业补贴政策思考[URL], 2010. www.npc.gov.cn

[11] 李长健, 邵江婷等. 农民权益保护视角下的农业生态补偿法律研究[J]. 重庆科技学院学报, 2009, 30(2): 554-558.

[12] 王金秀, 郑志冰. 促进生态农业发展的财政支出政策研究战略与管理[URL], 2010. http://www.zgxcfx.com/

[13] 田甜, 田义文. 水资源生态补偿政策法规浅析[J]. 商业时代, 2008, 35: 64-65.

分享
Top