超声心动图诊断小儿先天性主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄
Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Congenital Valvular Aortic Stenosis and Subvalvuar Aortic Stenosis in Children

作者: 唐秀杰 * , 王廉一 * , 吴清玉 :清华大学第一附属医院心脏中心,北京;

关键词: 超声心动图主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄Echocardiography VAS and SVAS

摘要:
目的:探讨超声心动图诊断小儿先天性主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄的准确性。资料与方法:分析12例术前诊断先天性主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄患者的心脏彩超图像,并与手术结果对比分析,总结其诊断要点。结果:经手术证实,12例患者中3例为主动脉瓣下狭窄,6例为主动脉瓣狭窄,3例为主动脉瓣下狭窄合并主动脉瓣狭窄。本组患者除2例术前超声诊断与术中探查不符外,其余均与手术结果相符。结论:主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄的鉴别诊断对于外科有重要意义,超声心动图诊断小儿先天性主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄具有较高的准确性。
Purpose: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and features of Echocardiography on congenital valvular aortic stenosis (VAS) and subvalvuar aortic stenosis (SVAS) in children. Methods: The echocardiographic characteristics of 12 patients diagnosed VAS and SVAS were analyzed and compared with results of operation results. Results: 3 of total 12 patients were diagnosed subvalvuar aortic stenosis, 6 were diagnosed valvuar aortic stenosis, 3 subvalvuar aortic stenosis cases were associated with valvuar aortic stenosis. The echocardiographic characteristics of VAS were correspondent to the results of operation findings in 12 patients except 2 patients had mismatch of preoperative diagnosis and intraoperative findings. Conclusion: The differential diagnosis of VAS and SVAS is important for surgery. There is high accuracy of echocardiography in the diagnosis of VAS and SVAS in children.

文章引用: 唐秀杰 , 王廉一 , 吴清玉 (2013) 超声心动图诊断小儿先天性主动脉瓣及瓣下狭窄。 亚洲心脑血管病例研究, 2, 7-10. doi: 10.12677/ACRVM.2013.21002

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