愤怒的加工机制—从效价到动机
The Process Mechanism of Anger——From Valence to Motivation

作者: 荆秀娟 * , 王荣燕 :西南大学心理学院; 王一峰 :电子科技大学生命科学与技术学院; 李 红 :辽宁师范大学心理发展与教育研究中心;

关键词: 愤怒效价动机偏侧化情境Anger Valence Motivation Lateralization Situation

摘要: 愤怒是一种由挑衅刺激诱发的情绪。情绪的效价假说和动机假说认为愤怒是一种有趋近动机倾向的负性情绪。然而,最近的行为和神经成像研究都对这两种假说提出了质疑,研究者用愤怒表达和特异性等观点来解释这些新发现,但这些解释仍有局限性。情景化的动机模型可能更好地解释愤怒在一般情境和特殊情境下的加工机制,即愤怒是由真实情境或经验诱发的,与动机和行为具有一致性的,对挑衅性刺激的反应。

Abstract: Anger is a kind of emotion caused by provocative stimuli. According to the valence hypothesis and the motivation hypothesis, anger is a negative emotion prone to approach motivation. Recent behavioral and neuroimaging studies, however, challenged these hypotheses. Some researchers explained these new findings in opinions of anger expression or anger specificity. These opinions were efficient but limited. A contextually dependent view of motivation model might be adopted to better understand the mechanism of anger both in general situation and in special situation. It regarded anger as the reaction to provocative stimuli, which was induced by real situation or experience and was in conformity with motivation and behavior.

文章引用: 荆秀娟 , 王一峰 , 王荣燕 , 李 红 (2012) 愤怒的加工机制—从效价到动机。 心理学进展, 2, 134-140. doi: 10.12677/AP.2012.23022

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