中国东北地区农村家庭能源消费结构调查分析
A Survey on Energy Consumption in Rural Households in North-East China

作者: 宁亚东 * , 李延庆 , 丁涛 :大连理工大学能源与动力学院,大连; YutakaTonooka :日本国立埼玉大学经济学部,埼玉,日本;

关键词: 农村家庭能源消费生物质能源商品能源Rural Households Energy Consumption Bio-Energy Commercial Energy

摘要: 本文对中国东北三省的180户农村家庭的能源消费种类、能源消费用途、电力消费结构等的调查分析发现:东北地区农村家庭使用的能源主要是薪柴、秸秆、煤炭、LPG和电力,其中薪柴和秸秆的消费量最多,占能源消费量的68.8%~78.3%,煤炭的消费量占16.0%~29.0%,LPG和电力的消费量很少,仅占总能源消耗量的2.9%~6.9%;家庭用能源主要消费在厨房、采暖、烧水、家用电器和照明上,其中厨房用能源消耗量最多,占41.2%~51.0%,其次是采暖,占32.8%~44.4%,烧水占7.5%~15.5%,而家用电器和照明用能源消费量不足5.0%。

Abstract: The framework of rural household energy consumption throughout northeastern China was analyzed in this paper. We researched 180 families energy end-use, energy use and power consumption. The results indicated that the energetic categories are firewood, straw, coal, LPG and electricity, among which straw and firewood accounted for 68.8% - 78.3% of all energy consumption was most largely used, and coal was also up to 16.0% - 29.0%. LPG and electricity consumption was used very little as only 2.9% - 6.9% of total energy consumption. Energy uses in residences mainly involved cooking, heating, hot water supply, and the usage of household appliances, such as: lighting and air-conditioning. Among all of these energy uses, cooking was the most common, this accounted for 41.2% - 51.0% of all energy consumption. The secondly heating was 32.8% - 44.4%, hot water supply was 7.5% - 15.5%, household appliances and lighting is less than 5.0%.

文章引用: 宁亚东 , 李延庆 , 丁涛 , YutakaTonooka (2012) 中国东北地区农村家庭能源消费结构调查分析。 可持续能源, 2, 76-81. doi: 10.12677/SE.2012.23013

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