世界遗产现状与进展
Status and Progress of World Heritage

作者: 孙克勤 :中国地质大学地球科学与资源学院,北京;

关键词: 世界遗产现状进展World Heritage Status Progress

摘要:
截至2012年7月,全球已有962项遗产被联合国教科文组织世界遗产委员会列入《世界遗产名录》,其中文化遗产745项、自然遗产188项和混合遗产(文化和自然双重遗产)29项,分布在157个缔约国中。到2012年3月,已经有189个国家加入遗产保护公约,成为缔约国。中国是一个拥有丰富世界遗产资源的国家。中国已有43项遗产被联合国教科文组织世界遗产委员会列入《世界遗产名录》,其中文化遗产30项、自然遗产9项和混合遗产4项。非物质文化遗产名录是由联合国教科文组织建立,其目地是为了更好地保护全球重要的非物质文化遗产。截止到2011年11月,全球被列入《人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录》的非物质文化遗产已达232项;此外,还包括急需保护的非物质文化遗产名录27项和被认为最能体现公约的非物质文化遗产保护计划、项目和活动8项。中国位于缔约国之首,拥有29项人类非物质文化遗产代表作和7项急需保护的非物质文化遗产。本文聚焦世界遗产名录、全球战略、战略目标(5C)、申遗趋势、遗产保护、遗产教育的现状和进展。此外,本文还概述了中国的世界遗产的现状、进展和发展阶段。

Abstract:
As of July 2012, 962 sites throughout the world have been inscribed on the World Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO, including 745 cultural, 188 natural and 29 mixed sites in 157 States Parties. As of March 2012, 189 States Parties have ratified the World Heritage Convention. China is a country with rich cultural and natural heritage resources. 43 sites of China have been inscribed on the World Heritage List by the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO, including 29 cultural, 8 natural and 4 mixed sites. The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage are established by UNESCO aiming to ensure the better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide. As of November 2011, 232 masterpieces have been inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. In addition, 27 elements have been identified on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding and 8 elements have been designated on Programmes, Projects and Activities for the Safe- guarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage considered to best reflect the principles and objectives of the con- vention. China leads the other States Parties with 29 masterpieces of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and 7 elements of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. This paper focuses on the status and progress of the World Heritage List, Global Strategy, the Strategic Objectives (the “5 Cs”), World Heritage application, heritage protection, heritage management and heritage education. In addition, the paper summarizes current status, progress and development stage of World Heritage in China.

文章引用: 孙克勤 (2012) 世界遗产现状与进展。 地理科学研究, 1, 45-55. doi: 10.12677/GSER.2012.13006

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