京剧干预对情绪加工的影响
The Effect of Beijing Opera on Emotional Processing

作者: 李颖洁 , 曹 丹 * , 梁怡雯 , 何心涛 :上海大学通信与信息工程学院;

关键词: 情绪加工高效价——高唤醒度京剧正性表情Emotion Processing Beijing Opera with High-Valence and High Arousal Positive Expression

摘要: 本研究采用心理物理实验方法,以卡通脸情绪图片作为视觉刺激材料,通过考查分析反应时、正确率与情绪自评,研究被试在京剧的干预下完成情绪加工任务的变化。研究共招募了17名在校大学生(98),请他们完成情绪面孔图片的搜索任务,并在两次任务中间加入了京剧片段的欣赏。实验结果表明,京剧音乐前后大学生搜索表情图片的反应时间有显著改变,针对不同图片类型的反应时也出现显著差异。我们推测,高效价——高唤醒度京剧在被试完成多脸空间搜索任务中对情绪认知起到了调控作用。这种作用表现在正性表情图片的反应中,无论是以正性为背景呈现的图片还是以正性为目标刺激出现的图片,但对负性图片的处理加工中并没有看到显著调控作用。

Abstract: Through psychophysical methods, we studied the effects of Beijingopera on emotional processing by analyzing reaction time, accuracy and emotion self-assessment of subjects. Emotional schematic faces were used as stimuli in the study. We recruited 17 undergraduates (9 male and 8 female). They were asked to finish a face-in-the-crowd task twice, and a clip of Beijing Opera was inserted between two experiments. The results showed that a significant change was found in subjects’ reaction time of searching task after the opera; and the before-after change altered between different emotion stimuli. We can therefore infer that the Peking Opera with high valence and high arousal  modulate the processing of emotional stimuli and cognition. Such effect was found only in the reaction of positive stimuli, including pictures with positive background and those as targets.

文章引用: 李颖洁 , 曹 丹 , 梁怡雯 , 何心涛 (2012) 京剧干预对情绪加工的影响。 心理学进展, 2, 236-242. doi: 10.12677/AP.2012.25037

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