变化环境下水循环与水系统科学的研究与展望
Development and Perspective on Water Cycle & Water System Sciences

作者: 夏 军 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室;

关键词: 环境变化水系统作用与反馈调控Environmental Change Water System Interaction Regulation and Control

摘要: 本文论述了在气候变化和人类活动影响下以水循环为纽带,将水文物理过程、地球生物及生物化学过程耦合以及社会经济发展联系的耗用水、水工程及管理的作用与反馈耦合的水系统科学的理念与方法论。通过国内外文献综述,分析了国际水系统科学的发展趋势,其中包括水系统观测、模拟、耦合与调控以及国内相关研究面临的学术问题,阐述了若干观点。展望了对该领域研究新的发展机遇与挑战。

Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of land water cycling and water system approach that is a coupling system of basic hydrological process with geo-chemical & bio-chemical processes and human action compo- nent under the climate change and human activity. By reviewing international and national research, some of analysis and comments are presented on water system observations, modeling, regulation & control. It is also to give perspective on new challenges and opportunities in coming years of developing basin water system in China.

文章引用: 夏 军 (2012) 变化环境下水循环与水系统科学的研究与展望。 水资源研究, 1, 21-28. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2012.13004

参考文献

[1] SOLOMON, S., QIN, D. Climate Change 2007: The physical science basis, contribution of working group I to the third as-sessment report of the IPCC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007: 996.

[2] BATES, B. C., KUNDZEWICZ, Z. W., WU, S. and PALU- TIKOF, J. P. Climate change and water. Technical paper of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Geneva: IPCC Secretariat, 2008: 210.

[3] VÖRÖSMARTY, C., LETTENMAIER, D., LEVEQUE, C., MEY- BECK, M., PAHL-WOSTL, C., ALCAMO, J., COSGROVE, W., GRASSL, H., HOFF, H., KABAT, P., LANSIGAN, F., LAW- FORD, R. and NAIMAN, R. Humans transforming the global water system. Eos, Transactions on American Geophysical Un- ion, 2004, 85(48): 509.

[4] Biospheric Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle. Highlights of the research synthesis conducted under the umbrella of IGBP- BAHC and WCRP-GEWX/ISLSCP international projects. Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change RIVM Report, 2002.

[5] CANADELL, P., CARSON, D., CRASWELL, E., GÖBEL, B., INGRAM, J., LARIGAUDERIE, A., STEFFEN, W. and VIRJI, H. Towards a holistic approach to global change research: The Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). APN Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3, Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research, 2004.

[6] ENDEJAN, M. The global water system project. WaMRI Newsletter No. 8, WHO Collaborating Centre for Health Promoting Water Management and Risk Communication, 2005.

[7] GWSP. The global water system project: Science framework and implementation activities. Earth System Science Partnership (DIVERSITAS, IGBP, IHDP, WCRP) Report No. 3, 2005, 78 pages.

[8] International GEWEX Project Office (IGPO). About GEWEX, 2004. http://www. gewex.org/gewex_overview.html

[9] 熊立华, 郭生练. 分布式流域水文模型[M]. 北京: 中国水利水电出版社, 2004. XIONG Lihua, GUO Shengliang. Distributed basin hydrological models. Beijing: Water Resources & Hydropower Press, 2004. (in Chinese)

[10] 夏军. 水文非线性系统理论与方法[M]. 武汉: 武汉大学出版社, 2002: 11. XIA Jun. Theory & approaches of hydrological nonlinear system. Wuhan: Wuhan University Press, 2002: 11. (in Chinese)

[11] LIU Chunzhen, XIA Jun. Detection and attribution of observed changes in the hydrological cycle under global warming. Advances in Climate Change Research, 2011, 2(1): 1-7.

分享
Top