生物催化法生产2-苯乙醇的研究现状
The Study of Biotechnological Production of 2-Phenylethanol

作者: 曹明乐 , 黄 峰 :山东大学微生物技术国家重点实验室,济南 ; 姜兴林 , 张海波 , 咸 漠 :中国科学院青岛生物能源与过程研究所,青岛 ;

关键词: 2-苯乙醇香料生物催化艾利氏途径原位萃取2-Phenylethanol Spices Bio-Catalytic Ehrlich Pathway ISPR

摘要: 2-苯乙醇(2-Phenylethanol)也叫β-苯乙醇,英文简称2-PE,具有淡雅、细腻、持久、玫瑰香味的芳香族香气物质。2-苯乙醇可以作为香料广泛应用于香水、化妆品、食品等行业,此外2-苯乙醇在医药中间体及精细化工等行业也有重要的开发价值。目前2-苯乙醇主要是通过化学方法合成,生物催化法具有能耗低、环境污染小及人们对天然产品的要求也越来越高使得生物催化法来合成天然2-苯乙醇受到越来越多的重视。本综述主要介绍了2-苯乙醇的合成现状,并且着重对生物合成方法、代谢途径及当前发酵方法优缺点进行了论述。

Abstract: 2-Phenylethanol (β-Phenylethanol) is aromatic flavour and fragrance compound with an elegant, fine, endure, rose-like odour. It can be used as additives in perfume, cosmetic, food industries. It also can be used as pharmaceutical intermediates and fine chemicals. So far, 2-PE is mainly produced chemically. The biosynthesis of 2-PE is receiving more attentions, because of its low energy consumption, environmentally friendly, and the demand for the “natural” 2-PE. This review introduces the production of 2-PE especially the biosynthesis method, metabolic pathway, and fermentation method.

文章引用: 曹明乐 , 姜兴林 , 张海波 , 咸 漠 , 黄 峰 (2012) 生物催化法生产2-苯乙醇的研究现状。 生物过程, 2, 89-97. doi: 10.12677/bp.2012.22015

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