The Theories and Assessment of Vulnerability of Water Resource in Haihe River Basin

作者: 匡 洋 * , 夏军 * , 张利平 * , 杨珍 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室;

关键词: 水资源脆弱性指标体系主成分分析法海河流域Water Resource Vulnerability Assessment Principal Component Analysis Haihe River Basin

摘要: 阐述水资源脆弱性的概念,总结国内外水资源脆弱性研究进展及水资源脆弱性评价的内容,包括指标体系的构建、权重系数的确定、以及综合评价方法的选取。以海河流域为研究区域,构建了水资源脆弱性的评价指标体系,采用主成分分析法,对海河流域1998年~2008年8个省(市)及全国的水资源脆弱性进行了综合评价和比较。并以1998年为例,从水资源系统、社会系统等方面分析了各主要因子对水资源脆弱性的影响。本文的综合评价结果能够为海河流域水资源的合理规划和利用提供一定的科学依据。

Abstract: This paper explains the concept of water resources vulnerability. Research on the vulnerability as-sessment of water resources at home and abroad has been reviewed, including the establishment of an index system, determination of weight coeffients and selection of the method of comprehensive assessment. Finally, an assessment index system of nine indicators is built based on Haihe River Basin, and the principal compo-nent analysis method is applied in 8 provinces of the basin from 1998-2008. A comprehensive evaluation and comparison in the whole country is also given. The result suggests that the water resources of Haihe River Basin is more vulnerable, which is consistent with the practical cases. Take the year 1998 as an example, the impact on water vulnerability of the main components is shown in water system, social system and so on. Above all, the assessment result is satisfying, which can provide reference for the reasonable planning and use of the water resources in Haihe River Basin.

文章引用: 匡 洋 , 夏军 , 张利平 , 杨珍 (2012) 海河流域水资源脆弱性理论及评价。 水资源研究, 1, 320-325. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2012.15049


[1] 夏军, 刘春蓁, 任国玉. 气候变化对我国水资源影响研究面临的机遇与挑战[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(1): 1-12. XIA Jun, LIU Chunzhen and REN Guoyu. Opportunity and challenge of the climate change impact on the water resource. Advances in Earth Science, 2011, 26(1): 1-12. (in Chi-nese)

[2] 任宪韶. 面向21世纪的海河水利[M]. 天津: 天津科学技术出版社, 1999. REN Xianshao. Haihe River for the 21st century. Tianjin: Tianjin Science and Technology Press, 1999. (in Chi-nese)

[3] DOERFLIGER, N., JEANNIN, P. Y. and ZWAH-LEN, F. Water vulnerability assessment in karst environments a newmethod of defining protection areas using a multi-attribute approach and GIS tools. Environmental Geology, 1999, 39(2): 165-176.

[4] HEWITT, K. Regions of risk. Singapore City: Longman Singapore Publisher (Pte) Ltd., 1997.

[5] National Research Council (US). Ground water vulnerability as- sessment predicting relative contamination potential under conditions of uncertainty. Committee on Techniques for Assessing Ground Water Vulnerability. National Research Council, Washington DC: National Academy Press, 1993: 204.

[6] RAHMAN, A. A. GIS based DRASTIC model for assessing groundwater vulnerability in shallow aquifer in Aligarh, India. Applied Geography, 2008, 28( 1): 32-53.

[7] 姜桂华. 地下水脆弱性研究进展[J]. 世界地质, 2002, 21(1): 33-38. JIANG Guihua. The development of study on groundwater vulnerability. World Geology, 2002, 21(1): 33-38. (in Chi-nese)

[8] 杨国民, 祁福利. DRASTIC地下水脆弱性评价方法及其应用: 以阜新盆地为例[J]. 黑龙江水专学报, 2010, 37(2): 45-47. YANG Guoming, QI Fuli. Groundwater vulnerability assess- ment with DRASTIC method and its application in Fuxin Basin. Journal of Heilongjiang Hydraulic Engineering, 2010, 37(2): 45- 47. (in Chinese)

[9] 郑西来, 吴新利, 荆静. 西安市潜水污染的潜在性分析与评价[J]. 工程勘察, 1997, 4: 22-24. ZHEN Xilai, WU Xinli and JING Jing. The potential analysis and evaluation of phreatic water pollution in Xi’an. Engineering Survey, 1997, 4: 22-24. (in Chinese)

[10] 唐国平, 李秀彬, 刘燕华. 全球气候变化下水资源脆弱性及其评估方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 313-317. TANG Guoping, LI Xiubin and LIU Yanhua. Assessment method of vulnerability of water resources under global of vulner- ability of water resources under global climate change. Ad- vance in Earth Sciences, 2000, 15(3): 313-317. (in Chinese)

[11] 刘绿柳. 水资源脆弱性及其定量评价[J]. 水土保持通报, 2002, 22(2): 41-44. LIU Luliu. Concept and quantitive assessment of vulnerability of water resource. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2002, 22(2): 41-44. (in Chinese)

[12] 邹君, 刘兰芳, 田亚平, 等. 地表水资源的脆弱性及其评价初探[J]. 地理科学进展, 2007, 29(1): 92-94. ZOU Jun, LIU Lanfang, TIAN Yaping, et al. Concept and quantitative assessment of vulnerability of surface water resource. Resources Science, 2007, 29(1): 92-94. (in Chinese)

[13] 董四方, 董增川, 陈康宁. 基于DPSIR概念模型的水资源系统脆弱性分析[J]. 水资源保护, 2010, 26(4): 1-3. DONG Sifang, DONG Zengchuan and CHEN Kangning. Analysis of water resources system vulnerability based on DPSIR conceptual model. Water Resources Protection, 2010, 26(4): 1-3. (in Chinese)

[14] 邹君, 傅双同, 毛德华. 中国南方湿润区水资源脆弱度评价及其管理——以湖南省衡阳市为例[J]. 水土保持通报, 2002, 28(2): 76-80. ZOU Jun, FU Shuangtong and MAO Dehua. Assessment and management of water resource vulnerability in Hengyang city. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2002, 28(2): 76-80. (in Chinese)

[15] 邹君, 杨玉蓉, 毛德华, 等. 湖南省农业生态水资源库脆弱性评价[J]. 冰川冻土, 2010, 32(1): 196-202. ZOU Jun, YANG Yurong, MAO Dehua, et al. An assessment of vulnerability of agricultural ecological water resource bank in Hunan province. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2010, 32(1): 196-202. (in Chinese)

[16] 商彦蕊. 自然灾害综合研究的新进展——脆弱性研究[J]. 地域研究与开发, 2000, 19(2): 73-77. SHANG Yanrui. Vulnerability study—The new development of synthetized study on natural disasters. Area Research and De- velopment, 2000, 19(2): 73-77. (in Chinese)

[17] 李凤霞, 郭建平. 水资源脆弱性的研究进展[J]. 气象科技, 2006, 34(6): 731-734. LI Fengxia, GUO Jianping. Major progress in water resource vulnerability research. Meteorological Science and Technology, 2006, 34(6): 731-734. (in Chinese)

[18] 杨燕舞, 张雁秋. 水资源的脆弱性及区域可持续发展[J]. 苏州城建环保学院学报, 2002, 15(4): 85-88. YANG Yanwu, ZHANG Yanqiu. Water resources vulnerabilities and regional sustainable development. Journal of University of Science and Technology of Suzhou, 2002, 15(4): 85-88. (in Chinese)

[19] 陈攀, 李兰, 周文财. 水资源脆弱性及评价方法国内外研究进展[J]. 水资源保护, 2011, 27(5): 32-38. CHEN Pan, LI Lan and ZHOU Wencai. Research progress on vulnerability of water resources and assessment methods at home and abroad. Water Resources Protection, 2011, 27(5): 32- 38. (in Chinese)

[20] 左其亭, 王中根. 现代水文学[M]. 郑州: 黄河水利出版社, 2006. ZUO Qiting, WANG Zhonggen. Modern hydrology. Zhenzhou: Yellow River Conservancy Press, 2006. (in Chinese)

[21] 黄初龙, 章光新, 杨建锋. 中国水资源可持续利用评价指标体系研究进展[J]. 资源科学, 2002, 28(2): 33-40. HUANG Chulong, ZHANG Guangxin and YANG Jianfeng. In- dicators system for sustainability assessment of water resources use in China. Resources Science, 2002, 28(2): 33-40. (in Chi- nese)

[22] 李因果, 李新春. 综合评价模型权重确定方法研究[J]. 辽东学院学报, 2007, 9(2): 92-97. LI Yinguo, LI Xinchun. Weight determination of comprehensive evaluation model. Journal of Eastern Liaoning University, 2007, 9(2): 92-97. (in Chinese)