浅谈日本学校体育的现状及启发
Discussion on Japanese Schools’ Sports Situation and Inspiration

作者: 杨永昌 * , 罗媛媛 , 焦玉雷 :成都体育学院;

关键词: 日本学校体育现状启发 Japan School Education Actuality Inspire

摘要:

70年代以来,日本经济随着现代科技的发展而突飞猛进,至今已列世界前茅,这促使日本社会向着信息化、国际化、多样化、老龄化方向发展,并引起价值观等多方面的变化。这些变化影响了日本中小学生的生活和意识的改变,促进了学校教育的改革。学校体育作为教育事业的一个重要组成部分,不容忽视。日本学校体育是以培养学生终身体育态度和提高学生体力、运动能力为目标,以培养学生体育学科能力为重点,精选教学内容,从而实行学校体育与家庭、社会体育一体化。为借鉴其他国家学校体育改革经验,本文主要通过文献二次研究法,收集与日本学校体育的发展有关的资料,对日本学校体育现状进行研究,并试着从中得到相应的启发,从而为我国学校体育发展提供借鉴。

With the development of modern science and technology, Japan’s economy has had a phenomenal growth since the 1970s. And so far its economy is the world vanguard, which gets promotes Japanese society towards informationization, internationalization, diversification, population aging and change values and other aspects more. These changes influence the Japanese primary and middle school students’ life and consciousness and promote the reform of the school education affect the life and consciousness of Japanese middle school students and pupils and accelerate the reform ofJapaneducation. School sports education as an important part of education career is not allowed to ignore should never be neglected. In order to take reference for school sports reform experience from other countries use the other countries’ reformation experience, this paper mainly adopts the literature secondary research method use documentation method to collect the every stages’ development of Japanese education. And this paper draws inspiration from the study of the current situation of Japanese sports education, thereby provides useful information to the development of our country's sports education. With select content of courses, Japanese education aims to foster students’ attitude of lifelong sports attitude, and improve students’ physical strength, athletic ability build up strength and emphasizes on fostering student’s academic ability in physical education, focusing on the selection of teaching content thus the implementation of school sports and family, social sports integration. So as to integrate the school education, home education and social education.

 

文章引用: 杨永昌 , 罗媛媛 , 焦玉雷 (2012) 浅谈日本学校体育的现状及启发。 职业教育, 1, 21-25. doi: 10.12677/VE.2012.12005

参考文献

[1] 陈陨, 顾正俊, 陈定炫. 战后日本学校体育教育改革的启示[J]. 体育与科学, 1999, 6: 16-19.

[2] 汪晓萍, 高力翔. 中国与日本现代学校体育发展阶段的比较研究(二)——两国学校体育的独立发展[J]. 南京体育学院学报, 2002, 16(5): 22-23.

[3] 肖焕禹. 试析日本学校体育改革及其启示[J]. 体育科学, 1999, 19(6): 25.

[4] 毕红星. 日本现代学校体育的演变[J]. 四川体育科学, 2008, 12(4): 5-8.

[5] 曲宗湖, 宋荣芬, 毛振明. 从对日本学校体育的剖析谈我国学校体育改革的趋势[J]. 北京体育学院学报, 1989, 4: 32.

[6] 中村敏雄. Sport规则的社会学[N]. 昭日新闻社, 1991, 第一版.

[7] 志水宏吉. 培养学力[M]. 东京: 岩波书店, 2005: 28-30.

分享
Top