道德判断的认知机制:研究现状与展望
The Neural Mechanism of Moral Judgment: Research Status and Future Directions

作者: 李亚丹 , 杨文静 , 贾磊 , 张庆林 :;

关键词: 道德判断情绪直觉认知推理认知神经科学Moral Judgment Affective Intuition Deliberate Reasoning Cognitive Neuroscience

摘要: 道德判断是个体判定他人或自己行为正当与否的认识活动,是人们进行道德选择和道德评价的一个关键环节。道德判断中的情绪直觉与认知推理及其作用机制一直存在争议。近年来主要围绕社会直觉论与双过程加工论,对正常人和脑损伤个体进行了关于道德两难问题的系列脑机制研究。未来研究应借助标准化的情境材料,在整合道德能力评估范式、提高生态效度并控制文化效应的基础上更加细致地探讨道德判断的神经机制。

Abstract: Moral judgment, which was the key link of moral choice and evaluation, referred to individual’s cognitive activity about judging others’ or himself/herself’s behavior proper or not. However, there’s an argu- ment about the affective intuition, deliberate reasoning, as well as their neural mechanisms in moral judgment. Thus, a series of human brain lesion and imaging studies on moral dilemma had been discussed focusing on the Social Intuition theory and the Dual-process theory in recent years. Future studies on the neural me- chanism of the moral judgment should concern of the following factors: using standardized situational ma- terials, integrating different experiment paradigms, improving the ecological validity and controlling the cul- tural effect.

文章引用: 李亚丹 , 杨文静 , 贾磊 , 张庆林 (2012) 道德判断的认知机制:研究现状与展望。 心理学进展, 2, 31-38. doi: 10.12677/ap.2012.21006

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