﻿ 基于结构方程模型的高中生综合素质评价实证分析

# 基于结构方程模型的高中生综合素质评价实证分析Empirical Analysis on Comprehensive Quality Evaluation of High School Students Based on Structural Equation Model

Abstract: The evaluation index system of comprehensive quality for high school students is established, and the structural equation model of comprehensive evaluation is established through the index system. In order to study this method, the relevant data are obtained from two middle schools in Chongqing by means of questionnaire survey. Based on the survey data and model, this paper makes an empirical study on the comprehensive quality of the students in the two middle schools. The results show that it is effective to quantify the comprehensive quality of senior high school students from four aspects, namely physical and mental health, personal cultivation, social practice and learning state. Among the four aspects, learning state has the largest weight value, and the weight value is 0.31. The examination result is only one aspect of the comprehensive evaluation. High test score does not mean that the comprehensive quality score is also high. Similarly, the high score of comprehensive quality does not mean that the scores of the physical and mental health, personal cultivation, social practice and learning state are high. The charm of comprehensive evaluation lies in the objective evaluation of comprehensive quality based on various factors of high school students.

1. 引言

Table 1. A list of comprehensive quality assessment indicators for high school students in some studies

2. 高中生综合素质评价指标体系的构建与修正

2.1. 综合评价指标体系的建立依据

2.2. 评价体系的初步建立

Table 2. Index of evaluation of comprehensive quality of high school students

2.3. 高中生综合素质评价调查问卷

2.4. 综合评价体系的检验与修正

Table 3. Cronbach coefficient of initial comprehensive evaluation index system

Table 4. Revised Cronbach coefficient

3. 高中生综合素质评价结构方程模型

3.1. 结构方程模型

$\left\{\begin{array}{c}\eta =B\eta +\Gamma \xi +\zeta \\ x={\Lambda }_{x}\xi +\delta \text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{ }\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\\ y={\Lambda }_{y}\eta +\epsilon \text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{\hspace{0.17em}}\text{ }\text{ }\text{ }\end{array}$ (1)

3.2. 模型识别与估计

Figure 1. Initial path map of comprehensive quality evaluation for high school students

3.3. 模型拟合与修正

Table 5. Model fitting index and test value

Figure 2. Finalpath map of comprehensive quality evaluation for high school students

3.4. 结果分析

Table 6. Evaluation index system standardization path coefficient and weight

$\eta =0.21×{\eta }_{1}+0.23×{\eta }_{2}+0.25×{\eta }_{3}+0.31×{\eta }_{4}$ (2)

4. 对重庆两中学的学生学习情况的评价分析

Table 7. Scores of the top 20 students

5. 结论

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