《搏击俱乐部》自我与本我的碰撞
Fight Club, the Collision of the Ego and the Id

作者: 李德硕 , 李 燕 :天津外国语大学国际传媒学院,天津;

关键词: 弗洛伊德人格结构理论力比多理论《搏击俱乐部》Sigmund Freud Personality Structure Theory Libido Fight Club

摘要:
《搏击俱乐部》介绍了在消费主义社会以杰克为代表的群体现状:不断消费再不断工作,生活压抑、烦闷而渴望改变;通过暴力释放压力对社会造成了破坏,最终随着良知觉醒而重获新生。本文根据弗洛伊德人格结构理论分析影片中的杰克在“自我”、“本我”二者之间的碰撞过程中,激发了“超我”的苏醒并在最终的搏斗中取得了胜利。揭示了在物欲横流的社会中,人们受欲望的驱使迷失了自我,爱欲和归属感让他们逐渐明确了自己内心的真正诉求、生活的意义以及存在的价值,学会了与社会规则“握手言和”的现实情况。

Abstract: The movie, Fight Club shows the current state of people in a consumerist society. Firstly, People like Jack are trapped in a vicious cycle of over consumerism and overwork. Their lives are coupled with depression and boredom which causes them to eager to change. Later, they become conscious that the release of pressure through violence actually damages society, and they attain a new life through the awakening of the conscience at last. Based on the analysis of Freud’s theory called Personality Structure, this paper discovers that in the collision between the ego and the id, Jack stimulates the awakening of superego and wins the final fight. It shows that in the materialistic so-ciety, people are driven by the desire to lose themselves. Love and sense of belonging make them gradually clear about their true demands of hearts, the meaning of life and the value of existence. Ultimately, they learn to live in peace with social rules.

文章引用: 李德硕 , 李 燕 (2020) 《搏击俱乐部》自我与本我的碰撞。 心理学进展, 10, 1727-1733. doi: 10.12677/AP.2020.1011201

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