低收入单亲女性贫穷认知状况研究
Analysis of Low-Income Single Women’s Cognitive of Poverty

作者: 陈羿君 , 陈翠 , 顾艳 :;

关键词: 低收入单亲女性贫穷认知质性研究Low-Income Single Women Cognitive of Poverty Qualitative Research

摘要: 低收入单亲女性对于贫穷的认知直接导致其单亲后适应生活的情况,本研究采用深度访谈法,探讨23名苏州地区低收入单亲女性对贫穷的认知情况。结果发现:1) 单亲女性所认知导致其贫穷的原因为经济条件原本不好,失去主要家计负担者,收入低、开销大及支持少;2) 单亲后面临首要困扰为经济问题,其次为照顾子女的困扰,缺乏支持及精神困扰;3) 大部分低收入能够坦然面对低收入且单亲双重弱势,但小部分认为离婚或者贫穷会让别人看不起;4) 经济状况的改善主要依靠开源和节流,部分低收入单亲女性通过改善心态适应目前状况;5) 给予单亲女性社会协助的机构主要有政府福利机构、儿童少儿基金会及学校“成功班”;6) 低收入单亲女性脱贫的期待主要通过工作改善,寄希望于子女或希望得到政府关注。

Abstract: The cognition of poverty of low-income single women affect their adaptation of life directly. This research adopts depth interview method to discuss with 23 low-income single mother in sochoow erea to discover their cognition of poverty. The results showed that: 1) The reason that cause single-mother poor is that economic conditions originally is bad, the manly economical bearer have gone, and their income is low, but the spending is big, and they 2) The primary troubling that the single mother faced is economical problems, fo- llowed by the worry of take care of children, and lack of support and mental distress. 3) Most of them could face the double vulnerable——low-income and single undisguisedly, but a few of them fell despised when others mention about low-income or single parent. 4) Increasing income and reducing expenditure are the main methods to improve economic conditions, some of the single mother adapt to their present situation through change their attitude.5) There are some community to assist single mother such as Government, Children and Teenagers’ Fund and the measures of help poor students in school. 6) Low income single mother always want to get rid of poor through work to improve the income, counting on children or hope to get government attention.

文章引用: 陈羿君 , 陈翠 , 顾艳 (2011) 低收入单亲女性贫穷认知状况研究。 心理学进展, 1, 106-113. doi: 10.12677/ap.2011.13016

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