# 兵团职工参与治理农业残膜的意愿研究Study on the Willingness of Corps Workers to Participate in the Treatment of Agricultural Residual Film

Abstract: China is a large agricultural country, and the plastic film pollution has become an important factor affecting the farmland ecological environment. Farmers are the main body of agricultural non-point source pollution and the direct influence of rural ecological environment. The willingness of workers to participate in the disposal of residual film is the key to solve the problem of agricultural non-point source pollution. In order to solve the problem of agricultural ecology, this paper takes the corps farmland as the research object, adopts the method of orderly logit model to conduct an empirical study on the participation willingness and payment willingness of employees in the management of agricultural residue film by means of questionnaire survey. The survey results showed that 61.72% of the people were willing to participate in the treatment of agricultural residual membrane pollution, 38.28% were unwilling to participate, 59.38% were willing to pay, and 40.63% were unwilling to pay. Among them, the awareness of residual membrane pollution, local wages, infrastructure construction, government training, part-time workers and other five factors have a significant impact on the willingness of workers to participate in the governance of residual membrane; four factors, such as the age of workers, the number of workers' families, the establishment of infrastructure and the joint participation of government organizations in the construction and treatment, have significant influence on the willingness of workers to pay for the treatment of agricultural film residues. The ultimate goal of agricultural non-point source pollution regulation is to guide workers at the micro level to consciously adjust their own production be-havior. Therefore, it is necessary for workers to have a clear understanding of non-point source pol-lution, and strive to improve their willingness to participate in and pay for agricultural residue film, so as to solve the problems of modern agricultural ecological environment.

1. 引言

2. 职工参与残膜治理的理论分析

2.1. 职工行为理论

2.2. 农户行为的经济学理论

2.2.1. 公地悲剧理论与搭便车

2.2.2. 邻里关系的社会资本理论

Table 1. The practice of the neighbor’s agricultural residual film on your agricultural land

3. 职工参与残膜治理的意愿现状调查

3.1. 调查概况

Table 2. Basic information of peasant households

3.2. 调查职工参与治理意愿的现状

3.2.1. 参与意愿的现状

Table 3. Status of participation intention

3.2.2. 支付意愿的现状

Table 4. Status of willingness to pay

4. 职工参与残膜治理意愿的实证分析

4.1. 计量模型建立

${P}_{rob}\left({Y}_{i}=j\right)=\alpha +\underset{j=1}{\overset{J}{\sum }}{\beta }_{1j}{X}_{1j}^{i}+\underset{k=1}{\overset{K}{\sum }}{\beta }_{2k}{X}_{2k}^{i}+\cdot \cdot \cdot +\underset{n=1}{\overset{N}{\sum }}{\beta }_{pn}{X}_{pn}^{i}+\epsilon$

4.2. 变量来源与描述性分析

4.2.1. 变量来源特征

4.2.2. 描述性分析

Table 5. Variable definitions and assignments

4.3. 实证结果分析

Table 6. Orderly Logit regression analysis of farmers’ willingness to participate and willingness to pay

4.3.1. 职工治理残膜的参与意愿分析

4.3.2. 职工治理残膜的支付意愿分析

5. 职工参与农业残膜治理意愿的存在问题

6. 提高职工参与农业残膜治理的意愿对策

6.1. 加大宣传，提高职工认识程度

6.2. 提高政府参与度

6.3. 完善补贴，提高工作效率

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