道德敏感性的综述研究
A Review of Moral Sensitivity

作者: 敬 爽 , 徐一心 :西南大学,重庆;

关键词: 道德敏感性道德行为道德图式Moral Sensibility Moral Behavior Moral Pattern

摘要:
道德敏感性是指由于个体经验、已有的道德观等认知因素所决定的个体在情景中能否察觉道德线索、意识到某个行为是不道德行为的能力,在逻辑上作为道德行为发生的心理成分的初始地位,在道德行为的产生过程中起到举足轻重的地位,受到性别、道德图式等多种因素的影响。道德敏感性的测量方式也逐渐趋于多样化,包含访谈、问卷、FMRI等方式,并且在不同的领域也取得相应的研究成果,但道德发展这条主干道的研究还需要进一步的完善和加强。

Abstract: Moral sensibility refers to the ability of an individual to detect moral cues in a situation as determined by cognitive factors such as individual experience, existing morality, and the ability to recognize that a behavior is an unethical behavior, logically occurring as an ethical behavior. The initial status of the psychological component plays a decisive role in the process of producing moral behavior, and is influenced by many factors such as gender and moral schema. The measurement of moral sensitivity has gradually become more diversified, including interviews, questionnaires, FMRI, etc., and the corresponding research results have been obtained in different fields. However, the study of the main road of moral development needs further improvement and strengthening.

文章引用: 敬 爽 , 徐一心 (2018) 道德敏感性的综述研究。 心理学进展, 8, 1701-1706. doi: 10.12677/AP.2018.811197

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