# 一个能解释多个太阳难题的太阳运动模型A Solar Motion Model Able to Associate with and Explain Several Solar Problems

Abstract: In order to explain several basic solar problems, such as the origin of solar wind, the causes of solar flares, and causes of the sunspot cycle, etc., this paper presents a new solar motion model that believes the solar interior has a giant fractal spherical carbon set. The biggest spherical carbon in this carbon set constitutes a spherical shell, outside which is the flowing material layer formed by scattered grains and magma. Flare is a tremendous explosion of the nuclear fission chain reaction of heavy nuclei on the surface of the flowing material layer. The neutrons produced by and emitted from flares get into solar core and neutrons decayed into proton and participate in the interior nuclear reaction. In the solar core, there contains numerous smallest spherical carbons C60 in the fractal spherical carbon set, each of which is a separate burner where the nuclear burning com-pletes; the particles emitted from one C60 in which the nuclear burning takes place can also enter another C60 and continue to take part in the nuclear reaction. If a particle has totally no chance to enter C60, it will be squeezed out of the core area and become a solar wind particle. The solar core is just a set of countless burners in which nuclear burnings take place instantaneously at different time.

1. 引言

2. 分形球形碳无穷集

2.1. 分形

2.2. 球形碳

Figure 1. Cantor set, named after the 19th-century German mathematician Georg cantor

Figure 2. (a) Onion-like fullerenes (Daniel Ugartd, 1992); (b) onion-like fullerenes with complex structure (Xu B.S.; Tanaka S.-I., 1998)

Figure 3. Will larger forms of super spherical carbons exist in nature?

2.3. 分形球形碳无穷集

3. 新模型下太阳的基本结构

Figure 4. Infinite sets of fractal spherical carbon. I believe that the solar core is a giant fractal infinite set of spherical carbon. Such spherical carbon set almost exists in the interiors of all of the heavenly bodies. Under the interior pressure of the heavenly body, the spherical carbon set is in the superconducting state, its supercurrent is the origin of the heavenly body’s magnetic field. On the other hand, if it is crushed, the heavenly body will collapse

Figure 5. The solar core is a giant spherical carbon set, its outside is flowing material layer, namely, magmas and grains layer

Figure 6. This (from Kosovichev & Zharkova) is a Sun’s surface seismic wave exploded by a medium-sized are on July 9th, 1996. In appearance, the ripple released by the wave is similar to that causing by a stone being thrown into a pool. It shows the information of physical characteristics in this part

4. 太阳耀斑散发中子

5. 太阳内部的核反应

Figure 7. The neutrons produced by solar flares get into the solar core

Figure 8. The solar core is a giant fractal set of spherical carbon, there contain numerous smallest spherical carbons C60, in the fractal spherical carbon set, each of which is an independent burner. The solar core is just a set of countless burners in which nuclear burnings take place instantaneously at different time

$\text{P}+\text{P}\to \text{D}+{\text{e}}^{+}+\nu$ (1)

$\text{P}+\text{D}\to {}_{2}{}^{3}\text{H}\text{e}$ (2)

${}_{2}{}^{3}\text{H}\text{e}+{}_{2}{}^{3}\text{H}\text{e}\to {}_{2}{}^{4}\text{H}\text{e}+2\text{P}$ (3)

$\text{n}\to \text{P}+\text{e}+{\nu }^{-}$ (4)

$\text{n}+\text{P}\to \text{D}$ (5)

$\text{n}+\text{D}\to \text{T}$ (6)

$\text{D}+\text{T}\to {}_{2}{}^{4}\text{H}\text{e}+\text{n}$ (7)

$\text{n}+{}_{2}{}^{3}\text{H}\text{e}\to {}_{2}{}^{4}\text{H}\text{e}$ (8)

6. 太阳表面的较差自转与太阳风的起源

7. 太阳流动物质层重核的来源与日冕物质抛射

1998年6月2日，SOHO飞船上的望远镜观测到两颗慧星钻进太阳，在彗星消失后，爆发出一巨大的、明亮的日冕物质抛射(CME) (图11) [29] 。

Figure 9. The movement of the P and alpha particles forms the solar wind from the core towards the outside, and deflection occurs under the action of Lorentz force

Figure 10. The image (from M. J. Thompson) above shows all of the rotation speeds in the solar interior. The red part represents that the Sun rotates fast in the interior and the blue is slow part. We can see that the rotation in the solar surface extends inward, and then rapidly disappears at the bottom of the convection zone (as shown by the dotted area)

Figure 11. (a) (b) On June 1st and 2nd, 1998, two comets plunged into the Sun. (Goddard Space Flight Center, (1998, June 3rd) NASA press release, “SOHO observations of two sungrazing comets 1998 June 2nd”). from https://umbra.nascom.nasa.gov/comets/SOHO_sungrazers.html

8. 太阳黑子的作用与周期

Figure 12. (a) Configuration of solar system; (b) the regions of asteroids, meteorites and comets fell on the Sun’s surface

Figure 13. (a) The sunspots periodically appear on the Sun’s surface, from http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/SunspotCycle.shtml; (b) The butterfly diagram is the process that sunspots scan the Sun’s surface

9. 结论

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