Stay at Rural, or Still Return to Urban?—An Investigation on the Differentiation of Returning Migrant Workers and the Role of Land Rights
Abstract: After the financial crisis in 2008, the differentiation of returning migrant workers took place at the same time when returning migrant workers faced with binary choice between staying at rural and returning to urban. This article analyses the survey data collected in Anhui Province by the means of descriptive statistics and independent samples T-test. Statistical description indicates that the urban informal labor market with physical labor is the most vulnerable to the macro-economic fluctuations, such as the financial crisis. Independent samples T-test shows that there are significant differences at the mean of gender and urban wage income. Female migrant workers are inclined to stay at rural, while the male tends to return to urban. Comparing with the migrant workers who tend to stay at rural, those who are willing to return to urban has a lower percentage of participation in land circulation, and their willing to abandon land contractual right is lower too. The migrant workers who gain a higher urban wage income are more likely to return to urban, while the others tend to stay at rural. Therefore, this article concludes that there are significant differentiations of gender and income in the binary choice between staying at rural and returning to urban, and the effect of land income-insurance has an important impact on the differentiation of returning migrant workers.
文章引用: 陈会广 , 刘忠原 (2011) 留在农村，还是继续进城?—返乡农民工分化及土地权益在其中的作用调查研究。 现代管理， 1， 131-136. doi: 10.12677/mm.2011.13024
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