The Evolution and Characteristics of China’s Dual
Abstract: China’s dual economic structure, dating back to the mid-19th century, was strengthened after the foundation of People’s Republic of China owing to the adoption of the catching-up and surpassing strategies,which gave priority to heavy industry development. In 1978, the economic reforms was initiated in micro-economic units and the success in agricultural and rural reforms reduced the discrepancy between workers and farmers as well as the urban and rural areas, so the dual economic structure had been weakened during the period of 1978 to 1984. Since 1985 the cities’ economy had grown rapidly with the reform beginning in cities. However, the agricultural growth slowed down, which once again led to the strengthening of the dual economic structure. From then on whether it is from the view of the agriculture and non-agricultural comparative productivity or from the dual contrast coefficient, China’s dual economic structure has been eased, but very slowly. On one hand, the relatively slow development of the tertiary industry has affected the conversion of the employment structure. On the other hand, the urbanization lags behind the economic growth, which enlarges the difference between the urban and rural areas. Therefore, in order to promote the transformation of China's dual economy it is essential to accelerate urbanization, for it can spur the development of the tertiary industry as well as the transfer of the surplus agricultural labor force to non-farm jobs.
文章引用: 郭锦川 , 李琼 (2011) 中国二元结构的演化及特点。 现代管理， 1， 110-115. doi: 10.12677/mm.2011.13020
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