青少年网络游戏成瘾的影响因素及其干预
Affecting Factors and the Intervention of Internet Gaming Addiction for Adolescence

作者: 李玉莲 , 刘衍玲 :西南大学心理健康教育中心,重庆;

关键词: 青少年网络游戏成瘾影响因素干预研究Adolescence Internet Gaming Addiction (IAD) Affecting Factors Intervention

摘要: 网络游戏现在越来越流行,很多个体也发展成为了网络游戏成瘾(Internet Gaming Addiction, IAD)。随之研究网络游戏的学者也越来越多,他们主要关注过度游戏带来的负面影响,其普遍性,以及造成这种影响的各种因素,研究发现网络游戏成瘾的少年在学校和家庭生活中都表现更多的心理和生理问题。网络游戏成瘾干预的前提是揭示青少年网络游戏成瘾的影响因素。近年来,研究者从个体因素和环境因素等方面阐述了青少年网络游戏成瘾的影响因素。并从医学干预、心理干预、教育干预3个方面对游戏成瘾的干预方法进行了研究,其中教育干预中的体育干预和教育游戏干预开始引起学者的关注。

Abstract: Internet gaming is a booming market, and a growing number of individuals play computer games developed into Internet Gaming Addiction (IAD). While studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, they outlined the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. Adolescents with IAD showed dysfunctional coping strategies with problems in school and home and showed worse interpersonal relations; they have bad influence on physical and mental health. Only by understanding the factors associated with Internet gaming addiction can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively, and a more efficient way of intervention can be found. Due to the increased use of the Internet, IAD has attracted attention of researchers: they found out that mainly personality and psychosocial factors are associated with IAD. Researchers also explore the intervention for the treatment of IAD, such as pharmacological treatments, psychological treatments and educational treatments in which sports treatments and educational gaming treatments are newly treatments getting researchers’ attention.

文章引用: 李玉莲 , 刘衍玲 (2017) 青少年网络游戏成瘾的影响因素及其干预。 心理学进展, 7, 1344-1353. doi: 10.12677/AP.2017.711167

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