河南省农田水利财政投资效率研究
Study on the Efficiency of Farmland Water Conservancy Financial Investment in Henan

作者: 马培衢 * , 马军华 :河南科技大学经济学院,河南 洛阳;

关键词: 农田水利效率DEA模型Farmland Water Conservancy Efficiency DEA Model

摘要:
本文主要利用2003~2014年河南省18地市农田水利财政投入产出的面板数据,运用基于产出导向的DEA分析法,对河南省2003年以来农田水利财政投资效率的时间空间演变及影响因素进行了分析。结果表明,河南省农田水利财政投资的综合效率、纯技术效率、规模效率均呈现循环波动特征,其中纯技术效率变动是综合效率变动的主要原因;财政农林水事务支出、农村居民人均纯收入及农村固定资产投资份额对农田水利财政投资绩效影响显著。各地市需结合自身资源禀赋及财政支出能力,通过优化农田水利财政资金投入结构、提升农田水利财政投入管理水平等措施,改善财政资金投入的规模效率和技术效率,进而全面提升农田水利财政投资绩效。

Abstract: This paper mainly uses the panel data of farmland water conservancy input and output in 18 cities of Henan Province in 2003-2014 years, using output oriented DEA analysis method to analyze the temporal and spatial evolution and the influencing factors of farmland water conservancy investment efficiency in Henan province since 2003. The result shows that the comprehensive efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of farmland water conservancy financial investment in Henan province are characterized by cyclic fluctuation; among them, the change of pure technical efficiency is the main reason for the change of comprehensive efficiency; expenditure on agriculture forestry water affairs, rural residents’ per capita net income and rural fixed asset investment have a significant impact on farmland water conservancy financial investment performance. All cities must combine their own resources endowments and financial spending capacity, using measures such as optimizing the investment structure of farmland water conservancy financial fund and raising the management level of farmland water conservancy financial investment to improve the scale efficiency and technical efficiency of financial investment, and then comprehensively improve the performance of farmland water conservancy financial investment.

文章引用: 马培衢 , 马军华 (2017) 河南省农田水利财政投资效率研究。 农业科学, 7, 519-529. doi: 10.12677/HJAS.2017.77068

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