见习教师规范化培训的“PST”课程结构设计
Design of “PST” Curriculum Structure for Standardization Training to Trainee Teachers

作者: 徐国民 , 孙 立 :上海市杨浦区教师进修学院,上海;

关键词: 见习教师规范化培训“PST”课程结构Standardization Training for Trainee Teachers “PST” Curriculum Structure

摘要:
见习教师规范化培训的课程结构是其课程体系的骨架,是课程理念和价值取向的集中反映。设计见习教师规范化培训课程的结构,对于推进区内相关单位顺利开展课程活动并将课程目标转化为教育成果起到至关重要的支撑作用。见习教师规范化培训的“PST”课程结构的设计,主要从课程的基本框架、确定课程的元素、课程的代码列表和学时分配等角度来展开。课程基本框架的设计重点考虑分层、分段和分类三个维度以及必修和选修两个方面的因素,确定课程的元素包括时间Tk (Time)、学段Pi (Phase)和核心内容Sj (Substance)三个维度,课程的代码列表是将课程结构平面化和具体化,并将课程代码以列表形式表达出来,学时分配是把不同培训层级的各类课程的学习时间按比例确定下来。

Abstract: Curriculum structure of standardization training for trainee teachers is the skeleton of the curriculum system, and can also reflect curriculum philosophy and value orientation. Design of curriculum structure of standardization training for trainee teachers plays a crucial supporting role of inducing related units in each district to carry out the curriculum and turn curriculum objectives into educational outcomes. The design of “PST” curriculum structure of standardization training for trainee teachers includes basic framework of the curriculum, the elements to confirm the curriculum, the code of curriculum and allocation of credit hours. The design of basic framework of the curriculum focuses on three dimensions of stratification, segmentation and classification, as well as two aspects of compulsory and elective curriculum. T (time), P (phase) and S (substance) should be mainly considered during the design of basic framework of curriculum so that the elements of curriculum could be defined. Besides, the design should start from two points, both required and elective curriculum. The design of curriculum code makes the structure of curriculum flattened and embodied. The course code comes out in tabular form. And distribution of credit hours means to determine the study time of various curriculums in different training levels in proportion.

文章引用: 徐国民 , 孙 立 (2017) 见习教师规范化培训的“PST”课程结构设计。 教育进展, 7, 216-225. doi: 10.12677/AE.2017.74033

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