Review of Fishway Inlet Research
作者: 毛 熹 ：四川农业大学 水利水电学院，四川 雅安;
Abstract: The construction of dams, weirs, sluices, and other hydraulic structures in rivers has rapidly in-creased due to the development of water conservancy and the increasing demands for flood control, irrigation, and the generation of power. Through migrations, fishes meet requirements with regard to the structure of the biotope during their life cycle. These hydraulic structures break down the connectivity of rivers, block the migration of fish, and fragment the fish habitat, which could result in a population decrease for many fish species. Fishway has been an effective way used to restore fish migration passages, and bridge fragmented habitats. The purpose of a fishway is to assist fish in smoothly bypassing an obstacle and alleviate the negative effects of the hydraulic structure. More importantly, fishways prevent the extinction of fishes, by protecting river connectivity and biodiversity. Therefore, well-functioning fishways have important significance. One of the key points in designing fishway is inlet, which was not given full consideration in the past, especially in China. Designers mainly focused their attention on the internal structure and flow conditions. Due to lack of recognition of the fish habits and migration law, researches on the location layout and structure of fishway inlet are seldom reported. In engineering applications, it is difficult or even impossible for fish to enter the fishway. In a word, one of the key factors of fishway design lies in whether fishes can quickly and accurately enter the fishway inlet. On the basis of recent researches on fishway inlet, combining with analysis on swimming capacity of fish and fish school, this paper provides the future direction of fishway inlet research.
文章引用: 毛 熹 (2017) 鱼道进口研究综述。 土木工程， 6， 393-398. doi: 10.12677/HJCE.2017.64046
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