输电铁塔用6.8级M20热镀锌螺栓松动行为研究
Study on the Loosening Behavior of a 6.8 Grade M20 Hot Dip Galvanized Bolt for Transmission Towers

作者: 钱苗 , 李瑞 , 高义波 , 马恒 , 钱科 :浙江华电器材检测研究所(国家电力器材产品安全性能质量监督检验中心),浙江 杭州;

关键词: 螺栓防松性能初始预紧力温度振幅频率Bolts Anti-Loose Performance Initial Pro-Load Temperature Amplitude Frequency

摘要:
紧固件的松动会破坏输电铁塔的完整性,甚至导致输电铁塔的彻底倒塌。本文主要研究了预紧力、温度、振幅及频率四个主要因素对输电铁塔紧固件松动行为的影响,并揭示了螺栓在上述四个主要因素影响下的松动机制。研究结果表明:提高预紧力、降低温度和减小振幅可以有效抑制螺栓的松动,常规频率对螺栓的松动行为影响较小。

Abstract: The loosening of fasteners commonly destroys the integrity and even lead to the collapse of the transmission tower. In this paper, the effects of four main factors, including pre-load, temperature, amplitude and vibration frequency, on the loosening behaviors of 6.8 grade M20 hot dip galvanized bolts were investigated as well as the mechanisms behind them. The results show that improving pre-load, reducing temperature and decrease vibration frequency can effectively restrict the loos-ening of the 6.8 grade M20 hot dip galvanized bolt. However, the conventional vibration frequency exhibits little effect on the loosening behavior of the hot dip galvanized bolts.

文章引用: 钱苗 , 李瑞 , 高义波 , 马恒 , 钱科 (2017) 输电铁塔用6.8级M20热镀锌螺栓松动行为研究。 输配电工程与技术, 6, 17-23. doi: 10.12677/TDET.2017.62003

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