论《德西蕾的婴孩》中选择性全知叙事与隐含的种族观
Selective Omniscient Narration and Implied Racial Attitude in Désirée’s Baby

作者: 王亚萍 , 陈爱华 :华中科技大学外国语学院,湖北 武汉;

关键词: 德西蕾的婴孩选择性全知视角种族观Désirée’s Baby Selective Omniscient Perspective Idea of Race

摘要:
《德西蕾的婴孩》是美国作家凯特•肖邦具有代表性的短篇小说之一。小说主题丰富,被誉为“世上最伟大的短篇小说之一”。学界普遍将其解读为反奴隶制和父权制的作品,我国叙事学家申丹通过分析隐含作者与潜藏文本的关系指出小说颠覆了表层的种族政治。本文通过分析小说中选择性全知视角的艺术运用和文本细读,发现叙述者通过把“内省”的范围局限于白人、省略或隐藏对白人不利的信息,且对黑人进行“外察”,形成了善良白人与邪恶黑人的种族对立,暗含了隐含作者褒白贬黑的种族观。

Abstract: Désirée’s Baby is one of Kate Chopin’s famous short stories. It is remarkable for rich themes and regarded as one of the greatest short stories in the world. Critics tend to take Diseree' s Baby as a progressive work against racial and patriarchal oppression. Shen Dan reveals that the story subverts the racial politics in the surface text after a thorough analysis between the implied author and the subtext. In order to explore the idea of race, this paper makes a detailed analysis on the selective omniscient perspective through a close reading. The omniscient narrator mainly focuses on white people’s psychology and covers their disadvantages on purpose, while roughly depicts black people, which leads to a racial separation and reveals the implied racial attitude of the story.

文章引用: 王亚萍 , 陈爱华 (2017) 论《德西蕾的婴孩》中选择性全知叙事与隐含的种族观。 世界文学研究, 5, 37-42. doi: 10.12677/WLS.2017.52006

参考文献

[1] 申丹. 隐含作者、叙事结构与潜藏文本——解读肖邦《黛西蕾的婴孩》的深层意义[J]. 北京大学学报, 2005(5): 100-110.

[2] 申丹. 选择性全知、人物有限视角与潜藏文本——重读曼斯菲尔德的《唱歌课》[J]. 外国文学, 2005(6): 56-62.

[3] 申丹. 叙述学与小说文体学研究[M]. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 1998: 213-223.

[4] Chopin, K. (1894) Bayou Folk. The Riverside Press, Cambridge.

[5] 凯特•肖邦, 著. 德西蕾的孩子[J]. 陈丽亚, 译. 外国文学, 2010(5): 11-13.

[6] Seyersted, P. (1980) Kate Chopin—A Critical Biography. Octagon Books, New York.

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