控制执教行为对大学生运动员主观活力感的影响:运动员倦怠的中介作用
The Influence of Controlling Coach Behaviors on Subjective Vitality in Collegiate Athletes: Mediating Effect of Athlete Burnout

作者: 尤日虹 :华南师范大学心理学院,广东 广州;

关键词: 控制执教行为运动员倦怠主观活力感中介作用Controlling Coach Behaviors Athlete Burnout Subjective Vitality Mediating Effect

摘要:
为探讨运动员倦怠在控制执教行为与主观活力感之间的中介作用,我们使用控制执教行为量表(CCBS)、运动员倦怠问卷(ABQ)和主观活力量表(SVS)调查了334名大学生运动员。研究发现,运动员倦怠在消极条件性关注、威迫与主观活力之间起完全中介作用,在过度个人控制与主观活力之间起部分中介作用。这一研究发现表明,运动员倦怠是教练员为控制执教行为影响主观活力感的一个重要中介因素。另外,过度个人控制对主观活力感的直接影响更加突显控制执教行为的对运动员的负面影响。因此,教练员应减少对控制执教方式的使用。未来研究者需要进一步探讨更加符合中国文化特点以及体育体制特征的教练员执教方式,在确保运动成绩、训练质量的同时,使运动员的主观心理及情感体验(主观幸福感)得到应有的重视。

Abstract: To explore the mediating effect of athlete burnout on the relationship among controlling coach behaviors and subjective vitality in Chinese collegiate athletes, 334 Chinese collegiate athletes were investigated by using Controlling Coach Behaviors Scale (CCBS), Athlete Burnout Question-naire (ABQ) and Subjective Vitality Scale (SVS). The results showed that collegiate athletes’ bur-nout fully mediated the effect of negative conditional regard and intimidation controlling on theirs feeling of subjective vitality and partially mediated the effect of excessive personal control on theirs feeling of subjective vitality. It is suggested that collegiate athletes’ burnout is an important mediator in the relationship between their coaches’ controlling behavior and athletes’ subjective vitality. Further, the direct and indirect effects of excessive personal control on athletes’ subjective vitality highlight the detrimental effect of coaches’ controlling coaching behaviors on athletes’ subjective experiences. It is suggested that the coaches should reduce the usage of controlling style in their coaching practice. Researchers are suggested to further explore more desirable and effective coaching styles that fit the Chinese culture and current sport system well and meanwhile take athletes’ subjective wellness into consideration.

文章引用: 尤日虹 (2017) 控制执教行为对大学生运动员主观活力感的影响:运动员倦怠的中介作用。 心理学进展, 7, 777-784. doi: 10.12677/AP.2017.76096

参考文献

[1] 陈作松, 周爱光(2007). 运动员倦怠的测量与abq的初步修订. 体育科学, 27(8), 66-70.

[2] 李宁(2007). 我国教练员执教行为研究. 博士论文, 北京体育大学, 北京.

[3] 李媛媛, 栾奕(2015). 医学期刊编辑心理压力、职业倦怠与主观幸福感的关系. 中国煤炭工业医学杂志, 18(3), 497-499.

[4] 沈虹(2013). 普通高中教师工作压力、职业倦怠与主观幸福感的关系研究. 硕士论文, 华中师范大学, 武汉.

[5] 王斌, 叶绿, 吴敏, 冯甜, 彭秀(2014). 心理坚韧性对运动员倦怠的影响:应对方式的中介作用. 武汉体育学院学报, 48(8), 63-68.

[6] 温忠麟, 张雷, 侯杰泰, 刘红云(2004). 中介效应检验程序及其应用. 心理学报, 36(5), 614-620.

[7] 邢淑芬, 俞国良, 王良玉(2007). 关于运动员倦怠的研究述评. 北京体育大学学报, 30(4), 486-488.

[8] 赵大亮, 蒋小波, 刘靖东(2015). 控制执教行为量表在中国运动员人群中的初步检验. 中国运动医学杂志, (5), 480-485.

[9] 吴敏, 彭秀, 冯甜(2016). 组织压力源对运动员倦怠的影响: 社会支持的调节作用. 西安体育学院学报, (4), 463-471.

[10] 陈作松, 周爱光, 徐建清(2011). 应激与运动员倦怠关系及其中介变量研究. 上海体育学院学报, 35(2), 1-6.

[11] Bartholomew, K. J., Ntoumanis, N., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2010). The Controlling Interpersonal Style in a Coaching Context: Development and Initial Validation of a Psychometric Scale. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 32, 193- 216.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.32.2.193

[12] Bartholomew, K. J., Ntoumanis, N., Ryan, R. M., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Psychological Need Thwarting in the Sport Context: Assessing the Darker Side of Athletic Experience. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 33, 75-102.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.33.1.75

[13] Bartholomew, K. J., Ntoumanis, N., Ryan, R. M., Bosch, J. A., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2011). Self-Determination Theory and Diminished Functioning: The Role of Interpersonal Control and Psychological Need Thwarting. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 1459-1473.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211413125

[14] Coakley, J. (1992). Burnout among Adolescent Athletes: A Personal Failure or Social Problem? Sociology of Sport Journal, 9, 271-285.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.9.3.271

[15] Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “What” and “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268.
https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01

[16] Dupont, J. P., Carlier, G., Gérard, P., & Delens, C. (2009). Teacher-Student Negotiations and Its Relation to Physical Education Students’ Motivational Processes: An Approach Based on Self-Determination Theory. European Physical Education Review, 15, 21-46.
https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X09105210

[17] Isoard-Gautheur, S., Trouilloud, D., Gustafsson, H., & Guillet-Descas, E. (2015). Associations between the Perceived Quality of the Coach-Athlete Relationship and Athlete Burnout: An Examination of the Mediating Role of Achievement Goals. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 22, 210-217.

[18] Liu, J. D., & Chung, P. K. (2014). Development and Initial Validation of the Psychological Needs Satisfaction Scale in Physical Education. Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science, 18, 101-122.

[19] Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The Measurement of Experienced Burnout. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2, 99-113.
https://doi.org/10.1002/job.4030020205

[20] Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., &Brière, N. M. (2001). Associations among Perceived Autonomy Support, Forms of Self-Regulation, and Persistence: A Prospective Study. Motivation and Emotion, 25, 279-306.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014805132406

[21] Price, M. S., & Weiss, M. R. (2000). Relationships among Coach Burnout, Coach Behaviors, and Athletes’ Psychological Responses. Sport Psychologist, 14, 391-409.
https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.14.4.391

[22] Raedeke, T. D. (1997). Is Athlete Burnout More than Just Stress? A Sport Commitment Perspective. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 19, 396-417.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.19.4.396

[23] Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and Preliminary Validation of an Athlete Burnout Measure. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23, 281-306.

[24] Ryan, R. M., & Frederick, C. (1997). On Energy, Personality, and Health: Subjective Vitality as a Dynamic Reflection of Well-Being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529-565.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1997.tb00326.x

[25] Standage, M., Gillison, F. B., Ntoumanis, N., & Treasure, D. C. (2012). Predicting Students’ Physical Activity and Health- Related Well-Being: A Prospective Cross-Domain Investigation of Motivation across School Physical Education and Exercise Settings. Journal of Sport &Exercise Psychology, 34, 37-60.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.34.1.37

分享
Top