气候对桂林旅游观赏植物的影响
Climatic Conditions Effects on Plants and Flowers of Guilin’s Tourism

作者: 龙凤翔 , 白先达 :桂林市气象局,广西 桂林;

关键词: 桂林气候观赏植物花卉旅游影响Guilin Climate Ornamental Plants Flowers Travel Impact

摘要:
为开发桂林旅游资源,研究气候条件对桂林观赏植物及花卉的影响。根据实地调研,利用气候和物候资料,分析主要观赏植物的气候适应特征和最佳观赏期。桂林规模上值得观赏的植物及花卉主要有桃花、李花、油菜花、荷花、桂花、银杏黄叶、乌桕红叶、红枫、水杉等。这些观赏植物和花卉的最佳观赏时间受气候条件的影响明显。温度、降水是最主要的影响因子,光照、湿度、风也有很重要的作用。既考虑规模效应和经济效益,又考虑地理条件、季节和旅游总体规划,因地制宜,合理种植,可以做到旅游景点布局更加合理,观赏季节连续,一年四季有不同的花卉和植物观赏,有不同的旅游项目,这对桂林旅游将起到很好的促进作用。

Abstract: For the development of Guilin plants and flowers tourism, the climate conditions on the influence of Guilin ornamental plants and flowers have been studied according to the on-the-spot investigation, using the data of climate and phenology, analysis of main ornamental plant adaptation and best viewing period. Guilin scale plants and flowers mainly to watch are the peach blossom, and rape flower, lotus, sweet Osmanthus, and ginkgo yellow leaves, tallow red leaves, red maple leaves, Metasequoia, etc. The best viewing time of the ornamental plants and flowers is affected by climate conditions. The temperature and precipitation are the main influence factors; light, humidity and wind have a certain influence. Reasonable planting, considering both scale and economic benefits, and geographical conditions, climate, season and tourism planning, adjust measures to local conditions, reasonable cultivation. The four seasons have different ornamental flowers and plants, and have different tourism projects; it will play a good promoting role in Guilin’s tourism.

文章引用: 龙凤翔 , 白先达 (2017) 气候对桂林旅游观赏植物的影响。 气候变化研究快报, 6, 68-73. doi: 10.12677/CCRL.2017.62009

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