新颖性观点产生的脑机制
The Brain Mechanism of the Generation of Original Ideas

作者: 李婷婷 , 张 浩 , 王银婷 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 创造性新颖性脑机制Creativity Originality Brain Mechanisms

摘要:
创造性过程的关键是新颖性观点的产生。大脑是如何产生新颖性观点的?这个问题引发了大量的实验研究。这些研究因采用不同的实验范式、实验任务和控制条件,发现了不同的脑区卷入。本文系统地回顾了采用脑电(EEG)、脑成像(FMRI)和单光子发射计算机断层成像(SPECT)几种技术手段对新颖性观点产生的脑机制研究取得的成果。这些研究结果显示,与新颖性观点产生相关的脑区有额下回、额中回、内侧前额叶、聂顶部分区域、前部扣带回和后部扣带回等区域。这个领域未来的研究发现应该注重分离新颖性观点产生和评价两种机制,重视自由发散/联系脑区和抑制控制脑区在新颖性观点产生过程中的共变效应,以及将脑损伤病人、杰出天才研究结合起来考察,这样将会对新颖性观点产生的脑机制探讨的更加严密和深入。

Abstract: The key of the creative process is to produce novelty ideas. How does the brain produce novelty ideas? The problem caused a lot of experimental researches. As these studies used the different experimental paradigm, the experimental task and control condition, they discovered the differ-ent brain regions involved in. This paper systematically reviewed the research achievements of the generation of novelty ideas by using several kinds of technical means, such as EEG, brain im-aging (FMRI) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. According to these studies, the generation of original ideas is involved in inferior frontal gyrus, the middle frontal gyrus, the medial prefrontal, the part of temporal lobe and parietal lobe, the anterior cin-gulate cortex and posterior cingulate area. Future studies in this field should focus on the separation of two kinds of mechanism of original idea generation and evaluation, value the covariant effect of free divergent/contact area and inhibiting control brain regions in the generation of novelty ideas, and combine the research of the brain-damaged patients and outstanding talent, so that it will could more closely and deeply explore the brain mechanisms of original ideas generation.

文章引用: 李婷婷 , 张 浩 , 王银婷 (2017) 新颖性观点产生的脑机制。 心理学进展, 7, 181-187. doi: 10.12677/AP.2017.72023

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