基于第3轴随动转向的半挂汽车转向特性分析
Analysis of Steering Characteristics of Semi-Trailer Based on 3rd Axle Self-Steering

作者: 黄冬成 :江苏天嘉车辆技术有限公司,江苏 江都; 陈治领 :北汽福田汽车股份有限公司,北京;

关键词: 半挂车随动转向桥转向机动性操纵稳定性Tractor-Semitrailer Self-Steering Axle Maneuverability Handing Stability

摘要:
建立的半挂汽车列车模型,进行转向机动性分析,包括低速360˚转弯、低速90˚转弯、低速角阶跃转向和斜坡脉冲转向试验,分析随动桥对整车转向机动性和半挂车轨迹跟随性能的影响。仿真结果表明:随动桥有利于减小半挂车向转向内侧的侧滑,有助于提高半挂汽车列车的转向机动性和半挂车第三轴的轨迹跟随能力。

Abstract: The modeling coordinate was defined and the vehicle parameters were presented. The several maneuverability cases were conducted with the two virtual prototypes, including 360-degree turning, 90-degree turning, step steering and ramp steering at the low-speed. The effect of self- steering axle on vehicle maneuverability and path-following was analyzed. The results show that, not only the side slip of semi-trailer is lightened, but also the maneuverability and path-following performance of tractor-semitrailer are improved if assembled a self-steering axle.

文章引用: 黄冬成 , 陈治领 (2017) 基于第3轴随动转向的半挂汽车转向特性分析。 交通技术, 6, 51-63. doi: 10.12677/OJTT.2017.62007

参考文献

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[2] 杨海琴. 基于ADAMS的多轴汽车操纵稳定性研究[D]: [硕士学位论文]. 武汉: 武汉理工大学, 2011.

[3] Prati, A., Besselink, I.J. and Nij-meijer, H. (2014) A Trailer Steering Strategy for the B-Double Combination. 13th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Transport Technology, San Luis.

[4] GB/T25979-2010. 重型商用汽车列车和铰接客车横向稳定性试验方法[S]. 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2000.

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