对婴儿痛苦情绪的母亲敏感性
Maternal Sensitivity to Infant Distress Emotion

作者: 胡 佳 , 唐清婷 , 陈 旭 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 母亲敏感性婴儿依恋痛苦情绪Maternal Sensitivity Infant Attachment Distressing Emotion

摘要:
婴儿的依恋形成于婴儿与养育者的互动过程,敏感的母亲养育对于孩子安全依恋的形成是至关重要的。尤其是对婴儿痛苦情绪的母亲敏感性比非痛苦情绪的更能预测婴儿的安全依恋。本文立足于母亲对婴儿痛苦情绪的情感和认知加工、抑郁症状的母亲对婴儿痛苦线索的反应、母亲回应婴儿痛苦情绪的生物社会模型这三个方面,主要探讨对婴儿痛苦线索的母亲敏感性的特点以及母婴依恋关系。未来研究需要考虑家庭系统中父亲敏感性的补偿性角色以及家庭中的三元关系互动对婴儿安全依恋形成的影响。而且对婴儿痛苦情绪的母亲敏感性差异的神经机制以及母亲的情绪图式对婴儿的安全依恋的影响还需要进一步探讨。

Abstract: Infant attachment is formed by interaction between caregiver and infant. Sensitive maternal caregiving is the most important premise for infant attachment. In particular, maternal sensitivity to distress is more predictive of infant-mother attachment security than sensitivity to non-distress. The research has outlined three approaches to the studies of maternal sensitivity to infant distress and infant attachment, including: maternal emotion and cognitive progressing of infant’s negative emotion cues, mother with postnatal depressive symptoms response to infant distress, and biosocial models of maternal response to infant’s distress. According to the Family Systems Model, investigation into paternal sensitivity to infant distress when maternal sensitivity is absent will provide further insight into children attachment relations. What’s more, it is necessary to further explore that how maternal emotion schema affects infant attachment secure. Finally, future research should further study that how maternal physiological regulation in infant distress mediates the link between maternal sensitivity and attachment.

文章引用: 胡 佳 , 唐清婷 , 陈 旭 (2017) 对婴儿痛苦情绪的母亲敏感性。 心理学进展, 7, 116-123. doi: 10.12677/AP.2017.71015

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