留守初中生的危险行为状况及其与认知情绪调节的关系
A Study on the Status of Risk Behavior and Its Relationship with Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Left-Behind Students in Junior High School

作者: 李思婷 :湖南师范大学教育科学院,湖南 长沙; 刘衔华 :衡阳师范学院教育科学院,湖南 衡阳;

关键词: 留守初中生危险行为认知情绪调节Left-Behind Students in Junior Middle Schools Risk Behavior Cognitive Emotion Regulation

摘要:
目的:探究留守初中生认知情绪调节与危险行为的特点及其之间的关系。方法:采用青少年危险行为评定量表(Risky Behavior Questionnaire for Adolescent, RBQ-A)和认知情绪调节问卷(Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, CERQ)对随机抽取的91名留守初中和67名非留守初中生进行了调查。结果:1) 留守初中生在攻击与暴力行为、破坏纪律行为与违法行为、自杀与自残行为、吸烟与过度饮酒行为四个因子上得分显著高于非留守初中生(p < 0.05);2) 男性留守初中生在攻击与暴力行为、破坏纪律行为与违法行为、吸烟与过度饮酒行为三个因子上的得分显著高于女性留守初中生(p < 0.05);3) 留守初中生危险行为与积极认知情绪调节呈显著负相关(p < 0.05),与消极认知情绪呈显著正相关(p < 0.01)。结论:本研究发现留守初中生是危险行为的易感人群,留守男生危险行为的发生率高于女生,消极认知情绪调节是危险行为的危险性因素,积极认知情绪调节是危险行为的保护性因素。

Abstract: Objective: To investigate cognitive emotion regulation and the characters of risk behavior of left-behind children in junior middle school and their relationship. Method: We used Risky Beha-vior Questionnaire for Adolescent (RBQ-A) and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) to research the 91 left-behind junior high school and 67 non-left-behind junior high school students that were randomly selected. Results: 1) Left-behind junior high school students scored significantly higher on the four factors of attacking and violent behavior, breaking discipline and illegal behavior, suicide and self-injurious behavior, smoking and excessive drinking behavior than non-left-behind junior high school students (p < 0.05); 2) The scores of attacking and violent behavior, disrupting disciplinary behavior and illegal behavior, smoking and excessive drinking behavior were significantly higher than those of female left-behind junior middle school students (p < 0.05); 3) The positive cognitive emotion regulation of left-behind children correlated negatively with risky behavior (p < 0.05) and negative cognitive emotion regulation correlated positively with risky behavior (p < 0.01). Conclusion: This study found that left-behind junior high school students are susceptible to dangerous behavior; the incidence of risk behavior of male students is higher than female students; negative cognitive emotional regulation is a risk factor of risk behavior; and positive cognitive emotional conditioning is a protective factor of risk behavior.

文章引用: 李思婷 , 刘衔华 (2017) 留守初中生的危险行为状况及其与认知情绪调节的关系。 心理学进展, 7, 21-26. doi: 10.12677/AP.2017.71004

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