中美大学生共情特征的比较
The Empathetic Characteristics Comparison between Eastern Undergraduates and Western Undergraduates

作者: 颜 源 , 刘付娉婷 , 周 萍 :湖南师范大学心理系,湖南 长沙;

关键词: 共情内团体偏好文化Empathy Ingroup Bias Culture

摘要:
目的:比较中美大学生的共情特点。方法:使用基本共情量表BES和人际反应指针IRI问卷,对60名中国大学生和62名美国大学生进行施测,比较中美大学生的共情特点;选取ESP-MTTI中的18张图片材料,比较中美大学生对不同文化典型性图片的投射性共情。结果:在BES上,美国大学生的认知共情得分显著高于中国大学生(t = 3.65, p < 0.05);在IRI的观点采择维度上,美国大学生的得分显著高于中国大学生(t = 2.495, p < 0.05);中美大学生对“东方典型性图片”和“无明显文化偏向图片”存在差异,中国大学生显著高于美国大学生(t = 2.718, p < 0.01; t = 2.811, p < 0.01)。结论:中美两国大学生的共情存在差异;文化影响共情描述。

Abstract: Aim: In order to compare Chinese empathetic characteristics with American ones. Method: Using Basic Empathy Scale and Interpersonal Reactivity Index for the purpose of measuring their empa-thetic traits, sixty Chinese undergraduates and sixty-two American undergraduates are selected, and to measure Chinese undergraduates’ and American undergraduates’ projective empathy by looking at pictures of different cultural typicality, eighteen pictures are selected. Result: In the aspect of cognitive empathy, American undergraduates’ scores are significantly higher than Chinese undergraduates’ in Basic Empathy Scale (t = 3.65, p < 0.05); American undergraduates’ scores are significantly higher than Chinese undergraduates’ as for the perspective of taking scale in Interpersonal Reactivity Index (t = 2.495, p < 0.05); there is a significant difference between Chinese undergraduates and American undergraduates when facing typical eastern cultural pictures and no biased cultural pictures, and Chinese undergraduates’ scores are higher than American undergraduates’ (t = 2.718, p < 0.01; t = 2.811, p < 0.01). Conclusion: There exists empathetic difference between Chinese undergraduates and American undergraduates. Culture influences empathetic description.

文章引用: 颜 源 , 刘付娉婷 , 周 萍 (2016) 中美大学生共情特征的比较。 心理学进展, 6, 1261-1266. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.612159

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