The Design of Music Activity for 0 - 2-Year-Old Young Children Based upon the Principle of Children’s Development
Abstract: Young children of 0 - 2-year-olds are at the fundamental stage of individual development. Well- developed sensor and motor are believed to contribute to the future intelligent and physical de-velopment. The aims of this paper are two-fold: to describe young children’s motor, language, and cognitive development at different stages; and to provide suggestions for childcare takers how to design appropriate musical teaching activities for young children. This study categorizes 0 - 2-year-olds to five stages: Stage 1: birth to 3-month-olds; Stage 2: 4 to 6 months; Stage 3: 7 - 12 months; Stage 4: 13 - 18 months; and Stage 5: 19 - 24 months. Children’s motor development, language communications, and cognition exploration in each stage were described and the principles of appropriate teaching activity design were also illuminated. Proper music activity design for young children shall consider the following suggestions. First of all, the instructors shall combine visual sense, auditory sense, sense of taste, sense of smell, and sense of touch with music activities, in order to stimulate young children’s perception development. Furthermore, it is suggested that the instructors can select children’s songs with obvious rhythm and highly repeatability. These songs are better close to young children’s living experiences. Finally, the instructors can adopt beat musical instruments which are easily for young children to hold. The beat musical instruments and children’s songs would facilitate their motor coordination.
文章引用: 郑伊恬 , 叶郁菁 (2016) 基于婴幼儿发展原则设计之0~2岁音乐活动。 社会科学前沿， 5， 788-794. doi: 10.12677/ASS.2016.55111
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