会话含义理论视角下“V + 你的 + N！”句式研究
Research on “V + Your + N!” Pattern via Conversational Implicature Theory
作者: 张 慧 ：南京大学文学院，江苏 南京;
Abstract: “Have your lunch” etc. are a common type of imperative sentence in oral Chinese, which could be extracted as “V + your + N” pattern. We intend to have an impressive study on this. From the point of pattern function, the semantic value of “your” is virtual and fixed, while “VN” generally acts as a part, used as a detachable word or locution. As to semantic type, the pattern has two types: one is to deny “VN”, which usually accompanies with satire, like “keep your daydream”; the other is ambient, which means it could be either positive or negative requirement. The occurrence of negative insight depends on the violation of the maxim of quantity’s second sub-maxim and the maxim of quality’s first sub-maxim. The “V + your + N” pattern belongs to special as well as non-normal conversational implicature based on analysis via conversational implicature theory. According to the specific research on “V + your + N” pattern, a better understanding of the two semantic types in different contexts is obtained.
文章引用: 张 慧 (2016) 会话含义理论视角下“V + 你的 + N！”句式研究。 现代语言学， 4， 192-199. doi: 10.12677/ML.2016.44020
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