Risk Factors and Protective Factors of Suicide Ideation in College Students

作者: 陈 乾 :山东师范大学心理学院,山东 济南;

关键词: 大学生自杀意念危险因素保护因素College Students Suicide Ideation Risk Factors Protective Factors


Abstract: Suicide ideation refers to experiencing suicidal motivations; the individual has random thoughts or plans suicide, but without adopting external behavior for this purpose. A large body of researches have indicated suicide ideation is the important indicator of assessing the risk of suicide; therefore it is crucial for preventing the college students’ suicide behavior to study the risk and protective factors of suicide ideation. There are many risk factors for suicide ideation, mainly including biological factors, psychological factors and social environmental factors, such as personality traits, despair, academic problems, etc.; whereas the studies of the suicide ideation’ protective factors currently mainly cover the self-esteem and social supports. Most researchers are more concerned about the risk factors for suicide ideation, and only a few studies have focused on the protective factors of suicide ideation. Future research needs to focus more on the protection of suicidal ideation, the diversification of research methods and which factors can buffer the individual’s suicidal thoughts so that they do not take suicidal behavior.

文章引用: 陈 乾 (2016) 大学生自杀意念的危险因素和保护因素。 心理学进展, 6, 1127-1136. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.611142


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