替代R22制冷剂的研究现状综述与展望
Review and Prospect of Research on Alternative R22 Refrigerant

作者: 郭志旺 , 祁影霞 :上海理工大学能源与动力工程学院,上海 ;

关键词: 制冷剂替代R290R1270HFO制冷剂安全混合制冷剂 Alternative Refrigerant R290 R1270 HFO Refrigerant Security Mixed Refrigerant

摘要:
首先讲述了温室效应和臭氧空洞的形势严峻性,然后从环保、安全、热力性能等方面介绍了R22替代制冷剂的研究现状,并通过对比总结了常见的几种替代制冷剂的特点。依据适应当前国情的需要,总结了国内外学者对提高自然制冷剂安全性研究并进行了综述。本文对R290和R1270加入HFO制冷剂(充当阻燃剂)展开分析和展望,以期盼可以有效的解决制冷剂替代这一热门问题。

Abstract: With the increasing greenhouse effect and ozone depletion, the author introduces the research status of R22 alternative refrigerants from the aspects of environmental protection, safety, and thermodynamic properties. We make a conclusion about some alternative refrigerants. In order to meet the need of national conditions at present, the domestic and foreign scholars have made a summary of the research on improving the safety of natural refrigerants. In this paper, we discuss about the issue that the HFO refrigerants (as a flame retardant) are mixed into R290 or R1270 re-frigerant to look forward to solve the refrigerant alternative.

文章引用: 郭志旺 , 祁影霞 (2016) 替代R22制冷剂的研究现状综述与展望。 物理化学进展, 5, 90-96. doi: 10.12677/JAPC.2016.54010

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