采用美国KMR猫用奶粉人工哺育幼龄华南虎初探
Study of the Young South China Tigers under the Condition of Artificial Feeding with U.S. KMR Cat Milk

作者: 陈连潮 , 李石洲 * , 雷胜桥 , 谢和平 :广东粤北华南虎省级自然保护区管理处,广东 韶关;

关键词: 幼龄华南虎人工哺乳KMR猫用奶粉The Young South China Tiger Artificial Feeding Kitten Milk Replacer with Cat

摘要:
据有关资料显示,1996~2010年,我国人工圈养的幼龄华南虎成活率为60.19%。近年来,在人工哺乳技术措施作用下,幼虎成活率提高到70%左右。在人工哺乳过程中,由于各地采取的技术措施和哺乳材料不同,所产生的效果呈现一定差异。2010~2011年,本文作者对9只幼龄华南虎进行育幼研究,其中4只由母虎哺乳,5只采用美国KMR (PetAg)猫科动物专用奶粉进行人工哺乳。结果表明:KMR (PetAg)猫科动物专用奶粉,能满足幼龄华南虎的营养需要,幼虎食用奶粉后消化正常,生长发育良好,90日龄幼虎平均日生长量71.1 g,幼虎成活率和生长量均比母虎哺乳的高。本研究旨在为促进幼龄华南虎健康成长,提高成活率提供技术参考。

Abstract: It is reported that the survival rate of young South China Tiger was 60.19% in captivity over the period of 1996-2010. In recent years, the cubs survival rate increased to 70% under the artificial feeding measures. Under the artificial feeding condition, the effect showed some differences due to different technologies and nursing materials. In the present study, the authors raised nine babies of the South China Tiger from 2010 to 2011. Four of them were fed by mother tigers while the others were artificially fed with the cat milk, KMR (PetAg) from the United States. The results showed that the KMR (PetAg) could meet the demand of nutrients for the young South China Tiger. With normal digestion of the milk the cubs grew and developed well. On average, the daily growth is 71.1 g/d for the cubs of 90 days old. The cubs survival and growth rates were both higher than that of the mother feeding group. The aim of this study is to provide some technical references in promoting the healthy growth of young South China Tiger and improving the survival rate.

文章引用: 陈连潮 , 李石洲 , 雷胜桥 , 谢和平 (2016) 采用美国KMR猫用奶粉人工哺育幼龄华南虎初探。 林业世界, 5, 111-115. doi: 10.12677/WJF.2016.54013

参考文献

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