你会对谁伸出援助之手:可识别受害者效应
Who Would You Lend a Helping Hand: Identifiable Victim Effect

作者: 张梦婷 , 袁 萌 , 邢淑芬 :首都师范大学心理学系,北京;

关键词: 亲社会行为可识别受害者效应Pro-Social Behavior Identifiable Victim Effect

摘要:
可识别受害者效应是指受害者的可识别性所造成的人们对受害者帮助行为增加的现象,是近年来亲社会行为研究领域出现的新的研究热点。首先,本文阐述了可识别受害者效应的基本概念;其次,本文详细论述了可识别受害者效应潜在的情境、情绪、认知机制;然后,本文从个体与情境交互作用的视角阐述了可识别受害者效应发生的影响因素;最后,本文对该领域的研究方向进行了小结。

Abstract: Identifiable victim effect is the phenomenon of the people increasing helping behavior caused by the victim’s identifiability. It is a new research hot spot in the field of social behavior research in recent years. First of all, this paper describes the basic concept of the identifiable victim effect. Secondly, it discusses in detail about the identifiable victim effect’s potential situation, emotion and cognitive mechanism. Then, from the perspective of the interaction between the individual and the situation, this paper expounds the factors influencing the occurrence of the victim’s effect; Finally, we have carried on the summary about research direction in this field.

文章引用: 张梦婷 , 袁 萌 , 邢淑芬 (2016) 你会对谁伸出援助之手:可识别受害者效应。 心理学进展, 6, 1032-1038. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.610131

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