主要组织相容性复合体(MHC)基因在小型哺乳动物中的研究进展
The Research of Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) Gene in Small Mammals

作者: 何银忠 , 陈金龙 * , 严毅 :昆明市海口林场,云南 昆明; 王娟 :云南师范大学文理学院,云南 昆明; 杨涛 :云南师范大学生命科学学院,云南 昆明;

关键词: 主要组织相容性复合体遗传多样性小型哺乳动物Major Histocompatibility Complex Genetic Diversity Small Mammals

摘要: MHC基因是一组多态性非常高的基因群。近年来,MHC基因的结构、功能、遗传学特性被越来越多的研究人员揭示。本文综述了MHC基因在小型哺乳动物中的研究,主要阐述了国内外小型哺乳动物MHC基因的多态性研究,重点包括其在种群遗传进化、基因结构上的研究进展。并对其研究前景进行展望。

Abstract: MHC gene is a group of highly polymorphic genes. The structure, function and genetic characteris-tics of MHC gene have been revealed, in recent years, by more and more researchers. This study reviews the MHC in small mammals’ research, mainly on the domestic and foreign small mammals MHC gene polymorphism, and pays attention to the population genetic evolution and gene structure. The future research is prospected.

文章引用: 何银忠 , 陈金龙 , 严毅 , 王娟 , 杨涛 (2016) 主要组织相容性复合体(MHC)基因在小型哺乳动物中的研究进展。 生物过程, 6, 48-52. doi: 10.12677/BP.2016.63007

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