辅音丛习得增音现象浅析
A Tentative Analysis on the Epenthesis Phenomenon of the Chinese EFLs in Acquiring Consonant Clusters

作者: 肖 雨 , 周光磊 :洛阳外国语学院,河南 洛阳;

关键词: 复(英)语辅音丛增音优选论English as a Second Major Consonant Cluster Epenthesis Optimality Theory

摘要:
英语音节的结构和汉语大不相同。汉语普通话的每个音节(字)中从没有两个辅音连在一起的现象,而英语的音节里却有各种各样的辅音群,要正确地对这些辅音群进行发音确非易事。本文通过对复(英)语专业学员在念辅音群时常遇到的困难和常犯的错误进行调查,并结合优选论对实验结果做出分析,发现与英语本族语者的制约条件的排列相比,汉语为母语的复(英)语学员在习得英语辅音丛的过程中,有可能经历忠实性制约条件的降级,从而发生辅音丛增音现象,这一现象可以通过提醒并加强训练加以纠正,帮助学员正确或近乎准确地习得英语辅音丛的正确发音。

Abstract: The Chinese syllable (character) structure is different from that of English syllable. There isn’t consonant cluster in Chinese syllable structure, while there are various consonant clusters in Eng-lish ones. Therefore, it is not easy for the Chinese EFLs to acquire the correct pronunciation of consonant clusters in English. Looking into the difficulties and mistakes, the Chinese EFLs tend to encounter, as well as an OT analysis on the experimental results, we find that, compared with the hierarchy of the constraints of the native speakers, the hierarchy of the Chinese EFLs undergoes a demotion of the Faithfulness Constraints which in turn causes the production of the epenthesis phenomenon. Nevertheless, we hold the opinion that the epenthesis phenomenon may be avoided or improved by reminding and training and the Chinese EFLs are able to acquire the (almost) cor-rect pronunciation of the consonant clusters.

文章引用: 肖 雨 , 周光磊 (2016) 辅音丛习得增音现象浅析。 现代语言学, 4, 101-107. doi: 10.12677/ML.2016.43011

参考文献

[1] 李兵. 优选论产生、基本原理与应用[J]. 现代外语, 1998(3): 71-91.

[2] 阎丽莉, 蔡金亭. 对英语学习者习得英语辅音群的优选论分析[J]. 解放军外国语学院学报, 2004, 27(1): 70-74.

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