从批评语言学角度对比分析《中国日报》和《纽约时报》对中美关系的报道
A Contrastive Study of Reports on China-US Relations in China Daily and The New York Times: A Perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis

作者: 黄 芳 :中山大学,广东 广州 ;

关键词: 批评语言学新闻语篇语言意识形态Critical Linguistics News Report Language Ideology

摘要:
批评语言学作为重要的语篇分析方法,以Halliday的系统功能语法为理论基础,旨在研究语言、权力和意识之间的关系,透过表面的语言形式或结构揭示意识形态和话语如何源于社会结构和权势关系又是如何为之服务的。本文以《纽约时报》和《中国日报》对中美关系报道的4个新闻语篇作为语料,从批评语言学角度对其进行历时和共时对比分析,阐明意识形态、权势和语篇之间的关系,揭示批评话语分析在分析新闻语篇的价值并且探索《纽约时报》和《中国日报》不同时期报道中所隐含的意识形态和权势。

Abstract: Critical Linguistics (CL) as an important approach to discourse analysis is based on Halliday’s Sys-temic Functional Grammar (SFG). It aims at investigating the relationship between language, power and ideology, and demonstrating how ideologies and discourses serve the social structures and power relationships through language structures or linguistic forms. This paper takes four news reports from The New York Times and China Daily in different periods as data, adopts CL as the main theoretical assumptions and methodology, and conducts diachronic and synchronic analyses to illustrate the relations between ideologies, power and discourses. It also demonstrates the value of CL in the analysis of news reports and explores the hidden ideologies and power in the language of news reports from The New York Times and China Daily in different periods.

文章引用: 黄 芳 (2016) 从批评语言学角度对比分析《中国日报》和《纽约时报》对中美关系的报道。 现代语言学, 4, 90-100. doi: 10.12677/ML.2016.43010

参考文献

[1] Fowler, R. (1991) Language in the News. Routledge, London.

[2] Fowler, R., Hodge, B., Kress, G. and Trew, T. (1979) Language and Control. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, Boston, Henley.

[3] 丁建新, 廖益清. 批评视野中的语言研究[M]. 广州:中山大学出版社, 2006.

[4] Fairclough, N. (1989) Language and Power. Longman, London & New York.

[5] 陈中竺. 批评语言学述评[J]. 外语教学与研究, 1995(1): 21-27.

[6] Bolinges (1990) Language: The Loaded Weapon. Longman, London/NewYork.

[7] 辛斌. 英语语篇的批评性分析议[J]. 四川外国语学院学报, 1997(4): 43-49.

[8] 戴炜华, 高军. 批评语篇分析: 理论述评和实例分析[J]. 外国语, 2002(6): 42-48.

[9] 胡壮麟, 朱永生, 张德禄, 李战子. 系统功能语法概论[M]. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 2008.

[10] Halliday, M.A.K. (2000) An Introduction to Metafunctional Grammar. Edward Arnold, London; Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing.

[11] 辛斌. 批评语言学理论与应用[M]. 上海: 上海外语教育出版社, 2005.

[12] Fairclough, N. (1992) Language and Social Change. Polity Press, Cambridge.

[13] Mei, R.Y. (Ed.) (2002) America Stu-dies Reader. Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing.

[14] 何英. 美国媒体与中国形象[M]. 广州: 南方日报出版社, 2005.

[15] About China Daily (2010). http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cd/introduction.html

[16] Harding, H. (1992) A Fragile Relationship: The United States and China Since 1972. The Brookings Institution, Washington DC.

[17] Gans, H. (1979) Deciding What’s News. Harper and Row, New York.

[18] 廖益清. 批评话语分析综述[J]. 当代语言学, 2001, 3(1): 76-82.

分享
Top