初中生受欺负对抑郁的影响——自尊的中介作用
The Impact of Victimization on Depression among Middle School Students: The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem

作者: 李亚婧 , 孔仪然 :西南大学心理学部,重庆 ;

关键词: 受欺负自尊抑郁中介效应Victimization Self-Esteem Depression Mediating Effect

摘要:
目的:探讨初中生受欺负、抑郁、自尊三者之间的关系以及自尊在初中生受欺负和抑郁之间的中介效应。方法:采用儿童欺负问卷(中学版)、自尊量表(SES)和儿童抑郁调查量表(CDI),对银川市400名初一年级的学生进行问卷调查,将调查数据输入SPSS进行处理,研究受欺负、自尊和抑郁三者的关系。结果:受欺负与抑郁呈现显著正相关(p < 0.01);受欺负与自尊之间呈显著负相关(p < 0.01);抑郁与自尊呈显著负相关(p < 0.01)。自尊在受欺负与抑郁之间有部分中介效应。初中生受欺负程度对抑郁有预测作用。结论:自尊在受欺负和抑郁间有部分中介作用,受欺负通过自尊的部分中介效应对抑郁产生作用。

Abstract: Objective: To explore the mediating effect of self-esteem on relationships between victimization and depression among junior middle school students. Methods: A total of 400 pupils of grade one from middle school were investigated by using Olweus’ Bully/Victim Questionnaire (middle school edition), Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). All the data were analyzed with SPSS. And we investigate the relationship among depression, self-esteem and victi-mization. Result: There was significantly positive correlation between victimization and depression (p < 0.01); victimization was significantly negatively correlated with self-esteem (p < 0.01); and the degree of self-esteem was significantly negatively correlated with that of depression (p < 0.01). The self-esteem partly mediated the path of victimization to depression. The victimization could predict depression and self-esteem. Conclusion: Self-esteem was a significant partly mediator between victimization and depression. Victimization could influence depression significantly through self-esteem as a partly mediator.

文章引用: 李亚婧 , 孔仪然 (2016) 初中生受欺负对抑郁的影响——自尊的中介作用。 心理学进展, 6, 875-883. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.68112

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