黄土高原地区高标准农田建设研究—以浮山县为例
Study on the Construction of High Standards Farmland on Loess Plateau Region—In Fushan Case

作者: 韩道宽 , 张仲伍 , 王东华 :山西师范大学地理科学学院,山西 临汾;

关键词: 高标准农田收益率可行性黄土高原High-Standard Farmland Rate of Return Feasibility Loess Plateau

摘要:
通过对黄土高原地区浮山县5000亩高标准农田建设项目的研究,结果表明:(1) 该项目可以显著改善农业生产条件,加快项目区传统农业向节水农业、设施农业、生态农业的转变,达到“田地平整、土壤肥沃、路渠配套、林网适宜”的要求。其中新增节水灌溉面积4497.39亩,增加农田防护林网面积50亩,新增粮食生产能力28.44万公斤,项目区农民纯收入总额增加68.73万元。(2) 项目建成后,对于改良土壤,美化环境,改变自然面貌也有重要作用,有利于自然生态系统良性循环与效益提升。(3) 项目建成后,玉米和经济作物可亩均增产150 kg,新增种植业总产值136.27万元。(4) 该项目在技术上可行,经济评价指标优越,具有较好的经济效益、明显的社会效益和深远的生态效益。

Abstract: Based on the 5000 acres of high-standard farmland construction projects in Fushan County on the Loess Plateau region, the main results are obtained as follows: (1) The project can significantly im-prove production conditions and traditional agriculture to water-saving, facilities, ecological agri-culture. The project can obviously improve the conditions of the agricultural production and trans-fer the traditional agriculture of the project area to water-saving agriculture, agricultural facilities, and ecological agriculture rapidly, to reach the requirements of “flat land, fertile soil, road drainage facilities, suitable shelterbelt”. The new water-saving irrigation area increases by 4497.39 acres, the farm-shelter forest area increases by 50 acres, the new food production capacity increases by 284,400 kg, and the total pure income of farmers in the project area increases by 687,300 yuan. (2) The project plays an important role for soil improvement, landscaping, altering the natural land-scape, and is conducive to a virtuous cycle of natural ecosystems and efficiency. (3) After the project built, the per mu of the production of the corns and crops may increase 150 kg; the new planting of the total production is 136.27 million yuan. (4) The project is technically feasible and economically favorable evaluation, with good economic, social and profound obvious ecological benefits.

文章引用: 韩道宽 , 张仲伍 , 王东华 (2016) 黄土高原地区高标准农田建设研究—以浮山县为例。 地理科学研究, 5, 187-193. doi: 10.12677/GSER.2016.53019

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