Situation of Investigation on Epilepsy in Linyi County of Shanxi Province
Abstract: Objective: To explore the situation of epilepsy patients in rural areas of Shanxi province in order to provide reference for prevention and treatment of the disease. Methods: From May to August in 2015, 188 patients with epilepsy were retrospectively analyzed on etiology, diagnosis and treatment, classifications and prognosis in the local hospital. Results: All patients took respectively phenobarbital and valproate sodium, including 158 focal seizures, 17 generalized seizures, 1 nod attacks and 12 unclassified seizures. After treatment of antiepileptic drugs, 41 cases (22%) were seizure free; 55 cases (29%) were effectively controlled, while 92 cases (49%) were invalid. The main causes of these patients were brain trauma and febrile convulsion. Many patients had social anxiety in process of seizure. Conclusion: There is a lack of understanding on seizures of epilepsy patients. Antiepileptic drugs must be chosen with good therapeutic effect according to the type of seizure and individuation. In view of the causes and types of seizures, carbamazepine is recommended as a kind of basic antiepileptic drugs in rural areas.
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