认知风格对知觉序列学习的影响
Effect of Cognitive Style on Perceptual Sequence Learning

作者: 彭 琳 , 寇冬泉 :扬州大学教育科学学院,江苏 扬州; 咸桂彩 :天津职业技术师范大学职业教育学院,天津;

关键词: 知觉序列学习内隐学习整体–分析认知风格言语–表象认知风格Perceptual Sequence Learning Implicit Learning Wholist-Analytic Cognitive Style Verbal-Imagery Cognitive Style

摘要:
目的:本研究旨在证明在序列学习中知觉序列学习的存在,同时探索认知风格对内隐知觉序列学习的影响。方法:2 × 3 × 3三因素混合实验设计,通过两个部分完成——1) 知觉序列学习,引入和改变Remillard的知觉序列,证明了知觉序列学习的存在。2) 认知风格分析测验(CSA),测验不同认知风格对知觉序列学习的影响。结论:1) 基于知觉序列的学习是可以发生的;2) 知觉序列学习是内隐学习;3) 知觉学习的程度显著影响着内隐学习;4) 言语–表象和整体–分析认知风格对知觉的内隐学习没有显著影响。

Abstract: Purpose: To prove the existence of the perceptual sequence learning, and to explore the effect of cognitive style on perceptual sequence learning. Method: 2 × 3 × 3 three factors mixed experi-mental design was used, which was completed by two parts: 1) through perceptual sequence learning, introducing and changing Remillard perceptual sequence, the existence of perceptual sequence learning was proved; 2) by cognitive style analysis (CSA), effect of different cognitive styles on perceptual sequence learning was analyzed. Result: 1) The pure perceptual-based learn-ing exists in Perceptual SRT; 2) the perception sequence learning can be implicit learning; 3) the degree of perceptual learning significantly influences implicit learning; 4) verbal-imagery and wholist-analytic cognitive styles do not significantly affect implicit learning.

文章引用: 彭 琳 , 咸桂彩 , 寇冬泉 (2016) 认知风格对知觉序列学习的影响。 心理学进展, 6, 826-835. doi: 10.12677/AP.2016.67107

参考文献

[1] 郭秀艳(2004). 内隐学习和外显学习关系评述. 心理科学进展, 12(2), 185-1921.

[2] 韩秀, 裴燕红(2010). 大学生智力与认知风格对内隐序列学习的影响. 心理发展与教育, 26(1), 48-49.

[3] 李力红(2005). 大学生言语、表象认知风格个体在记忆系统中信息表征偏好的研究. 博士论文, 长春: 吉林大学.

[4] 李力红, 车文博(2006). 认知风格分析测验(CSA)修订及大学生样本的划界尝试. 心理学探索, 26(4), 88-89.

[5] 秘晓冉(2007). 序列表征的研究. 硕士论文, 上海: 华东师范大学.

[6] 吴国来, 沃建中, 白学军, 等(2006). 不同认知风格11岁儿童内隐序列学习的差异. 心理发展与教育, 1(3), 39-421

[7] 咸桂彩, 连智平(2009). 动作技能型与心智技能型人才内隐序列学习能利的比较. 天津工程师范学院学报, 19(4), 49- 52.

[8] Destrebecqz, A., & Cleeremans, A. (2001). Can Sequence Learning Be Implicit? New Evidence with the Process Dissociation Procedure. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 8, 343-3501.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03196171

[9] Destrebecqz, A., & Cleeremans, A. (2003). Temporal Effects in Sequence Learning. In L. Jimenez (Ed.), Attention and Implicit Learning (pp. 181-213). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/aicr.48.11des

[10] Remillard, G. (2003). Pure Perceptual-Based Sequence Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 29, 581-597.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.29.4.581

[11] Remillard, G. (2011). Pure Perceptual-Based Learning of Second-, Third- and Fourth-Order Sequential Probabilities. Psychological Research, 75, 307-323.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-010-0309-0

[12] Riding, R. J., & Cheema, I. (1991). Cognitive Styles: An Overview and Integration. Educational Psychology, 11, 193-215.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0144341910110301

分享
Top